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Open AccessArticle

Health Impact Assessment Associated with Exposure to PM10 and Dust Storms in Kuwait

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Crisis Decision Support Program, Environment and Life Sciences Research Center, Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, P.O. Box 24885, Safat 13109, Kuwait
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Occupational Health Department, Ministry of Health, P.O. Box 51360, Riqqa 53454, Kuwait
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Techno-Economics Division, Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, P.O. Box 24885, Safat 13109, Kuwait
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atmosphere 2018, 9(1), 6; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos9010006
Received: 19 October 2017 / Revised: 27 November 2017 / Accepted: 26 December 2017 / Published: 8 January 2018
Little information is available on the assessment of health impact concerning the Middle Eastern dust storms and PM10 concentration levels despite the aridity of the region and frequent dust storms occurring in this part of the world. A prospective study was conducted to determine the association between dust particles and morbidity and mortality rates for respiratory and cardiovascular diseases in Kuwait. Spearman and Pearson’s correlations were used to identify such associations. Results revealed a significant correlation between dust storms, suspended dust and rising dust (p < 0.01). Correlation between the occurrence of respiratory and cardiovascular diseases and dust storms showed that PM10 concentrations were significantly correlated with bronchial asthma at the 0.05 level (Pearson r = 0.292). Significant correlations at the 0.01 level were shown between bronchial asthma and both acute lower respiratory tract infection (r = 0.737) and acute upper respiratory tract infection (r = 0.839). Respiratory and cardiovascular mortality rates were both equal to 0.62 per 10,000 persons, each corresponding to 8.7% proportionate mortality rate. This study provides a good evidence of the consistent relationship between dust storm events, PM10 concentration levels, and respiratory diseases. View Full-Text
Keywords: dust storms; PM10; respiratory; cardiovascular; morbidity; mortality; health impact dust storms; PM10; respiratory; cardiovascular; morbidity; mortality; health impact
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Al-Hemoud, A.; Al-Dousari, A.; Al-Shatti, A.; Al-Khayat, A.; Behbehani, W.; Malak, M. Health Impact Assessment Associated with Exposure to PM10 and Dust Storms in Kuwait. Atmosphere 2018, 9, 6.

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