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Atmosphere 2017, 8(9), 160; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos8090160

Spatial Distributions of Tropical Cyclone Tornadoes by Intensity and Size Characteristics

1
Department of Geography and Environmental Planning, Towson University, 8000 York Road, Towson, MD 21252, USA
2
Department of Geography, University of South Carolina, Callcott Building, 709 Bull Street, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 August 2017 / Revised: 22 August 2017 / Accepted: 25 August 2017 / Published: 28 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tropical Cyclones and Their Impacts)
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Abstract

Tropical cyclones that make landfall often spawn tornadoes. Previous studies have shown that these tornadoes are not uniformly distributed in the United States or in the tropical cyclone environment. They show that tornadoes tend to occur relatively close to the coastline and that they tend to cluster to the east-of-center in the tropical cyclone environment, particularly in the northeast and east-of-center quadrants. This study contributes to these studies by analyzing the spatial distributions of tropical cyclone tornadoes by intensity, path length, path width, and the damage potential index. The analyses confirm that most tornadoes occur relatively close to the coastline, but show that stronger tornadoes with larger paths are disproportionately common farther inland. They also confirm that the highest amount of activity is located within the northeast and east-of-center quadrants and show that the most potentially damaging tornadoes cluster in a sub region near the intersection of these two quadrants. View Full-Text
Keywords: tropical cyclones; tornadoes; tropical cyclone tornado risk tropical cyclones; tornadoes; tropical cyclone tornado risk
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Moore, T.W.; Sokol, N.J.; Blume, R.A. Spatial Distributions of Tropical Cyclone Tornadoes by Intensity and Size Characteristics. Atmosphere 2017, 8, 160.

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