Next Article in Journal
Assessment of Temperature and Elevation Controls on Spatial Variability of Rainfall in Iran
Next Article in Special Issue
Recent Enhanced Seasonal Temperature Contrast in Japan from Large Ensemble High-Resolution Climate Simulations
Previous Article in Journal
Evaluating the Hydrological Cycle over Land Using the Newly-Corrected Precipitation Climatology from the Global Precipitation Climatology Centre (GPCC)
Previous Article in Special Issue
Temporal Variability of Summer Temperature Extremes in Poland
Open AccessArticle

Temperature and Heat-Related Mortality Trends in the Sonoran and Mojave Desert Region

1
Chairholder of the UNESCO Chair on Hydrometeorological Risks, Departamento de Ingeniería Civil y Ambiental, Universidad de Las Américas Puebla, Sta. Catarina Mártir, Cholula, Puebla 72810, Mexico
2
Division of Hydrologic Sciences, Desert Research Institute, 755 E. Flamingo Road, Las Vegas, NV 89119-7363, USA
3
Graduate Program Hydrologic Sciences, University of Nevada, Reno, NV 89557-0175, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Christina Anagnostopoulou and Robert W. Talbot
Atmosphere 2017, 8(3), 53; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos8030053
Received: 23 October 2016 / Revised: 23 February 2017 / Accepted: 24 February 2017 / Published: 3 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Temperature Extremes and Heat/Cold Waves)
Extreme temperatures and heat wave trends in five cities within the Sonoran Desert region (e.g., Tucson and Phoenix, Arizona, in the United States and Ciudad Obregon and San Luis Rio Colorado, Sonora; and Mexicali, Baja California, in Mexico) and one city within the Mojave Desert region (e.g., Las Vegas, Nevada) were assessed using field data collected from 1950 to 2014. Instead of being selected by watershed, the cities were selected because they are part of the same arid climatic region. The data were analyzed for maximum temperature increases and the trends were confirmed statistically using Spearman’s nonparametric test. Temperature trends were correlated with the mortality information related with extreme heat events in the region. The results showed a clear trend of increasing maximum temperatures during the months of June, July, and August for five of the six cities and statically confirmed using Spearman’s rho values. Las Vegas was the only city where the temperature increase was not confirmed using Spearman’s test, probably because it is geographically located outside of the Sonoran Desert or because of its proximity to the Hoover Dam. The relationship between mortality and temperature was analyzed for the cities of Mexicali, Mexico and Phoenix. Arizona. View Full-Text
Keywords: heat waves; temperature increase; climate change; Sonoran Desert; Mojave Desert; heat-related health effects heat waves; temperature increase; climate change; Sonoran Desert; Mojave Desert; heat-related health effects
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Martinez-Austria, P.F.; Bandala, E.R. Temperature and Heat-Related Mortality Trends in the Sonoran and Mojave Desert Region. Atmosphere 2017, 8, 53.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop