Next Article in Journal
Impact of Madden–Julian Oscillation upon Winter Extreme Rainfall in Southern China: Observations and Predictability in CFSv2
Next Article in Special Issue
Impact of Cold Waves and Heat Waves on the Energy Production Sector
Previous Article in Journal
Summertime Day-Night Differences of PM2.5 Components (Inorganic Ions, OC, EC, WSOC, WSON, HULIS, and PAHs) in Changzhou, China
Previous Article in Special Issue
Increasing Heatwave Hazards in the Southeastern European Union Capitals
Article Menu
Issue 10 (October) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Atmosphere 2017, 8(10), 191; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos8100191

Historical Trends and Variability in Heat Waves in the United Kingdom

1
Met Office, Exeter EX1 3PB, UK
2
College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4QF, UK
3
JBA Consulting, Skipton BD23 1FJ, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 August 2017 / Revised: 21 September 2017 / Accepted: 25 September 2017 / Published: 30 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Temperature Extremes and Heat/Cold Waves)
Full-Text   |   PDF [4759 KB, uploaded 11 October 2017]   |  

Abstract

Increases in numbers and lengths of heat waves have previously been identified in global temperature records, including locations within Europe. However, studies of changes in UK heat wave characteristics are limited. Historic daily maximum temperatures from 29 weather stations with records exceeding 85 years in length across the country were examined. Heat waves were defined as periods with unusually high temperatures for each station, even if the temperatures would not be considered warm in an absolute sense. Positive trends in numbers and lengths of heat waves were identified at some stations. However, for some stations in the south east of England, lengths of very long heat waves (over 10 days) had declined since the 1970s, whereas the lengths of shorter heat waves had increased slightly. Considerable multidecadal variability in heat wave numbers and lengths was apparent at all stations. Logistic regression, using a subset of eight stations with records beginning in the nineteenth century, suggested an association between the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation and the variability in heat wave numbers and lengths, with the summertime North Atlantic Oscillation playing a smaller role. The results were robust against different temperature thresholds. View Full-Text
Keywords: heat waves; UK; climate variability; logistic regression; temperature; AMO; NAO heat waves; UK; climate variability; logistic regression; temperature; AMO; NAO
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Sanderson, M.G.; Economou, T.; Salmon, K.H.; Jones, S.E.O. Historical Trends and Variability in Heat Waves in the United Kingdom. Atmosphere 2017, 8, 191.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Atmosphere EISSN 2073-4433 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top