Next Article in Journal
Validation of Ensemble-Based Probabilistic Tropical Cyclone Intensity Change
Next Article in Special Issue
A Case Study of Birch Pollen and the Synergy with Environmental Factors: Relation to Asthma in Montreal, Canada
Previous Article in Journal
Determination of Dose–Response Relationship to Derive Odor Impact Criteria for a Wastewater Treatment Plant
Previous Article in Special Issue
Air Pollution Measurements and Land-Use Regression in Urban Sub-Saharan Africa Using Low-Cost Sensors—Possibilities and Pitfalls
Article

Development of a Health-Based Index to Identify the Association between Air Pollution and Health Effects in Mexico City

1
Marron Institute of Urban Management, New York University, New York, NY 11201, USA
2
Departments of Population Health and Environmental Medicine, New York University Grossman School Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA
3
Secretaría del Medio Ambiente (SEDEMA), Mexico City 06000, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Rajasekhar Balasubramanian
Atmosphere 2021, 12(3), 372; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12030372
Received: 26 January 2021 / Revised: 22 February 2021 / Accepted: 8 March 2021 / Published: 12 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Challenges in Measuring and Assessing Environmental Health)
Health risks from air pollution continue to be a major concern for residents in Mexico City. These health burdens could be partially alleviated through individual avoidance behavior if accurate information regarding the daily health risks of multiple pollutants became available. A split sample approach was used in this study to create and validate a multi-pollutant, health-based air quality index. Poisson generalized linear models were used to assess the impacts of ambient air pollution (i.e., fine particulate matter (PM2.5), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and ground-level ozone (O3)) on a total of 610,982 daily emergency department (ED) visits for respiratory disease obtained from 40 facilities in the metropolitan area of Mexico City from 2010 to 2015. Increased risk of respiratory ED visits was observed for interquartile increases in the 4-day average concentrations of PM2.5 (Risk Ratio (RR) 1.03, 95% CI 1.01–1.04), O3 (RR 1.03, 95% CI 1.01–1.05), and to a lesser extent NO2 (RR 1.01, 95% CI 0.99–1.02). An additive, multi-pollutant index was created using coefficients for these three pollutants. Positive associations of index values with daily respiratory ED visits was observed among children (ages 2–17) and adults (ages 18+). The use of previously unavailable daily health records enabled an assessment of short-term ambient air pollution concentrations on respiratory morbidity in Mexico City and the creation of a health-based air quality index, which is now currently in use in Mexico City. View Full-Text
Keywords: ambient air pollution; air quality health index; fine particulate matter; nitrogen dioxide; ozone; respiratory morbidity; risk communication ambient air pollution; air quality health index; fine particulate matter; nitrogen dioxide; ozone; respiratory morbidity; risk communication
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Cromar, K.; Gladson, L.; Jaimes Palomera, M.; Perlmutt, L. Development of a Health-Based Index to Identify the Association between Air Pollution and Health Effects in Mexico City. Atmosphere 2021, 12, 372. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12030372

AMA Style

Cromar K, Gladson L, Jaimes Palomera M, Perlmutt L. Development of a Health-Based Index to Identify the Association between Air Pollution and Health Effects in Mexico City. Atmosphere. 2021; 12(3):372. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12030372

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cromar, Kevin, Laura Gladson, Mónica Jaimes Palomera, and Lars Perlmutt. 2021. "Development of a Health-Based Index to Identify the Association between Air Pollution and Health Effects in Mexico City" Atmosphere 12, no. 3: 372. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12030372

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop