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Summary and Overview of the Odour Regulations Worldwide

EOC Environmental Odour Consulting Corp, Oakville, ON L6J 2Y2, Canada
Ambiente et Odora S.L., 48001 Bilbao, Spain
Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
St. Croix Sensory Inc., Stillwater, MN 55082, USA
Atmospheric Science Global Ltd., Auckland 0600, New Zealand
WG Environmental Health, Department for Biomedical Sciences, University of Veterinary Medicine, 1210 Vienna, Austria
Environmental Engineering, LSR, IMT Mines Alès, 30319 Alès, France
Silsoe Odours Ltd., Silsoe, Bedford, Bedfordshire MK45 4HP, UK
Politecnico di Milano, Department of Chemistry, Materials and Chemical Engineering “Giulio Natta”, 20133 Milano, Italy
Ecometrika, The Synergy Group, Santiago 1030000, Chile
VITO, Flemish Institute for Technological Research, 2400 Mol, Belgium
University of Liege, 8362 Arlon, Belgium
Directorate of Sectorial and Urban Environmental Affairs, Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development, Bogota 110311, Colombia
College of Biosystems Engineering and Food Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
North Rhine—WestphaliaOffice for Nature, Environment and Consumer Protection (LANUV), 45133 Essen, Germany
Van Belois Environmental Services, 6812 DM Arnhem, The Netherlands
Graduate School of Sciences and Technology for Innovation, Yamaguchi University, Yamaguchi 755-8611, Japan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Prashant Kumar
Atmosphere 2021, 12(2), 206;
Received: 5 December 2020 / Revised: 15 January 2021 / Accepted: 25 January 2021 / Published: 3 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Odour)
When it comes to air pollution complaints, odours are often the most significant contributor. Sources of odour emissions range from natural to anthropogenic. Mitigation of odour can be challenging, multifaceted, site-specific, and is often confounded by its complexity—defined by existing (or non-existing) environmental laws, public ordinances, and socio-economic considerations. The objective of this paper is to review and summarise odour legislation in selected European countries (France, Germany, Austria, Hungary, the UK, Spain, the Netherlands, Italy, Belgium), North America (the USA and Canada), and South America (Chile and Colombia), as well as Oceania (Australia and New Zealand) and Asia (Japan, China). Many countries have incorporated odour controls into their legislation. However, odour-related assessment criteria tend to be highly variable between countries, individual states, provinces, and even counties and towns. Legislation ranges from (1) no specific mention in environmental legislation that regulates pollutants which are known to have an odour impact to (2) extensive details about odour source testing, odour dispersion modelling, ambient odour monitoring, (3) setback distances, (4) process operations, and (5) odour control technologies and procedures. Agricultural operations are one specific source of odour emissions in rural and suburban areas and a model example of such complexities. Management of agricultural odour emissions is important because of the dense consolidation of animal feeding operations and the advance of housing development into rural areas. Overall, there is a need for continued survey, review, development, and adjustment of odour legislation that considers sustainable development, environmental stewardship, and socio-economic realities, all of which are amenable to a just, site-specific, and sector-specific application. View Full-Text
Keywords: odour legislation; air quality; air pollution; odor; smell; odour units; dispersion modelling; agriculture; environmental regulations; policy odour legislation; air quality; air pollution; odor; smell; odour units; dispersion modelling; agriculture; environmental regulations; policy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bokowa, A.; Diaz, C.; Koziel, J.A.; McGinley, M.; Barclay, J.; Schauberger, G.; Guillot, J.-M.; Sneath, R.; Capelli, L.; Zorich, V.; Izquierdo, C.; Bilsen, I.; Romain, A.-C.; del Carmen Cabeza, M.; Liu, D.; Both, R.; Van Belois, H.; Higuchi, T.; Wahe, L. Summary and Overview of the Odour Regulations Worldwide. Atmosphere 2021, 12, 206.

AMA Style

Bokowa A, Diaz C, Koziel JA, McGinley M, Barclay J, Schauberger G, Guillot J-M, Sneath R, Capelli L, Zorich V, Izquierdo C, Bilsen I, Romain A-C, del Carmen Cabeza M, Liu D, Both R, Van Belois H, Higuchi T, Wahe L. Summary and Overview of the Odour Regulations Worldwide. Atmosphere. 2021; 12(2):206.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bokowa, Anna, Carlos Diaz, Jacek A. Koziel, Michael McGinley, Jennifer Barclay, Günther Schauberger, Jean-Michel Guillot, Robert Sneath, Laura Capelli, Vania Zorich, Cyntia Izquierdo, Ilse Bilsen, Anne-Claude Romain, Maria del Carmen Cabeza, Dezhao Liu, Ralf Both, Hugo Van Belois, Takaya Higuchi, and Landon Wahe. 2021. "Summary and Overview of the Odour Regulations Worldwide" Atmosphere 12, no. 2: 206.

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