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Article

A Decade of Poland-AOD Aerosol Research Network Observations

1
Institute of Geophysics, Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw, 00-927 Warsaw, Poland
2
Faculty of Biology, University of Warsaw, 00-927 Warsaw, Poland
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Institute of Oceanology, Polish Academy of Sciences, 81-712 Sopot, Poland
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Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, 00-901 Warsaw, Poland
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Department of Ecology and Environmental Protection, Faculty of Environmental and Mechanical Engineering, Poznan University of Life Sciences, 60-637 Poznan, Poland
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Department of Meteorology and Climatology, Faculty of Earth Sciences and Spatial Management, Nicolaus Copernicus University, 87-100 Torun, Poland
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Faculty of Building Services, Hydro and Environmental Engineering, Warsaw University of Technology, 00-661 Warsaw, Poland
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Faculty of Earth Sciences and Environmental Management, University of Wroclaw, 50-137 Wroclaw, Poland
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Department of Meteorology and Climatology, Faculty of Oceanography and Geography, University of Gdansk, 80-309 Gdansk, Poland
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Institute of Meteorology and Water Management, National Research Institute, 03-301 Warsaw, Poland
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Aerosol and Radiation Observatory SolarAOT, 38-100 Strzyzow, Poland
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Remote Sensing Department, National Institute of Research and Development for Optoelectronics INOE 2000, 077125 Magurele, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Magdalena Reizer, Jerzy Sowa and Zbigniew Nahorski
Atmosphere 2021, 12(12), 1583; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12121583
Received: 1 November 2021 / Revised: 24 November 2021 / Accepted: 25 November 2021 / Published: 27 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Air Quality in Poland)
The Poland-AOD aerosol research network was established in 2011 to improve aerosol–climate interaction knowledge and provide a real-time and historical, comprehensive, and quantitative database for the aerosol optical properties distribution over Poland. The network consists of research institutions and private owners operating 10 measurement stations and an organization responsible for aerosol model transport simulations. Poland-AOD collaboration provides observations of spectral aerosol optical depth (AOD), Ångstrom Exponent (AE), incoming shortwave (SW) and longwave (LW) radiation fluxes, vertical profiles of aerosol optical properties and surface aerosol scattering and absorption coefficient, as well as microphysical particle properties. Based on the radiative transfer model (RTM), the aerosol radiative forcing (ARF) and the heating rate are simulated. In addition, results from GEM-AQ and WRF-Chem models (e.g., aerosol mass mixing ratio and optical properties for several particle chemical components), and HYSPLIT back-trajectories are used to interpret the results of observation and to describe the 3D aerosol optical properties distribution. Results of Poland-AOD research indicate progressive improvement of air quality and at mospheric turbidity during the last decade. The AOD was reduced by about 0.02/10 yr (at 550 nm), which corresponds to positive trends in ARF. The estimated clear-sky ARF trend is 0.34 W/m2/10 yr and 0.68 W/m2/10 yr, respectively, at TOA and at Earth’s surface. Therefore, reduction in aerosol load observed in Poland can significantly contribute to climate warming. View Full-Text
Keywords: aerosol; aerosol optical depth; aerosol optical properties; Poland-AOD; radiometer; lidar; sun photometer aerosol; aerosol optical depth; aerosol optical properties; Poland-AOD; radiometer; lidar; sun photometer
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MDPI and ACS Style

Markowicz, K.M.; Stachlewska, I.S.; Zawadzka-Manko, O.; Wang, D.; Kumala, W.; Chilinski, M.T.; Makuch, P.; Markuszewski, P.; Rozwadowska, A.K.; Petelski, T.; Zielinski, T.; Posyniak, M.; Kaminski, J.W.; Szkop, A.; Pietruczuk, A.; Chojnicki, B.H.; Harenda, K.M.; Poczta, P.; Uscka-Kowalkowska, J.; Struzewska, J.; Werner, M.; Kryza, M.; Drzeniecka-Osiadacz, A.; Sawinski, T.; Remut, A.; Mietus, M.; Wiejak, K.; Markowicz, J.; Belegante, L.; Nicolae, D. A Decade of Poland-AOD Aerosol Research Network Observations. Atmosphere 2021, 12, 1583. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12121583

AMA Style

Markowicz KM, Stachlewska IS, Zawadzka-Manko O, Wang D, Kumala W, Chilinski MT, Makuch P, Markuszewski P, Rozwadowska AK, Petelski T, Zielinski T, Posyniak M, Kaminski JW, Szkop A, Pietruczuk A, Chojnicki BH, Harenda KM, Poczta P, Uscka-Kowalkowska J, Struzewska J, Werner M, Kryza M, Drzeniecka-Osiadacz A, Sawinski T, Remut A, Mietus M, Wiejak K, Markowicz J, Belegante L, Nicolae D. A Decade of Poland-AOD Aerosol Research Network Observations. Atmosphere. 2021; 12(12):1583. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12121583

Chicago/Turabian Style

Markowicz, Krzysztof M., Iwona S. Stachlewska, Olga Zawadzka-Manko, Dongxiang Wang, Wojciech Kumala, Michal T. Chilinski, Przemyslaw Makuch, Piotr Markuszewski, Anna K. Rozwadowska, Tomasz Petelski, Tymon Zielinski, Michal Posyniak, Jacek W. Kaminski, Artur Szkop, Aleksander Pietruczuk, Bogdan H. Chojnicki, Kamila M. Harenda, Patryk Poczta, Joanna Uscka-Kowalkowska, Joanna Struzewska, Malgorzata Werner, Maciej Kryza, Anetta Drzeniecka-Osiadacz, Tymoteusz Sawinski, Arkadiusz Remut, Miroslaw Mietus, Krzysztof Wiejak, Jacek Markowicz, Livio Belegante, and Doina Nicolae. 2021. "A Decade of Poland-AOD Aerosol Research Network Observations" Atmosphere 12, no. 12: 1583. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12121583

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