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Article

Investigation of Atmospheric Conditions Associated with a Storm Surge in the South-West of Iran

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Department of Environmental Science, Persian Gulf Research Institute, Persian Gulf University, Bushehr 7516913817, Iran
2
Environmental Science Department, University of South Florida, St. Petersburg, FL 33701, USA
3
Department of Geography, Yazd University, Yazd 8915818411, Iran
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Institute for Atmospheric Sciences-Weather and Climate, Department of Physics, University of Iceland and Icelandic Meteorological Office (IMO), Bustadavegur 7, IS-108 Reykjavik, Iceland
5
Institute of Agrophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Doświadczalna 4, 20-290 Lublin, Poland
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Eduardo García-Ortega
Atmosphere 2021, 12(11), 1429; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12111429
Received: 14 October 2021 / Revised: 26 October 2021 / Accepted: 27 October 2021 / Published: 29 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Meteorology)
Severe thunderstorms are often accompanied by strong vertical air currents, temporary wind gusts, and heavy rainfall. The development of this atmospheric phenomenon over tropical shallow water zones, such as bays, can lead to intensification of atmospheric disturbances and produce a small-scale storm surge. Here, the storm surge that occurred on 19 March 2017 in the Persian Gulf coastal area has been investigated. Air temperature, precipitation, mean sea level pressure, wave height, wind direction, wind speed, geopotential height, zonal components, meridional winds, vertical velocity, relative humidity, and specific humidity obtained from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) and Global Forecast System (FNL) were used to implement the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model. The results showed that the main cause of the storm surge was the occurrence of a supercell thunderstorm over the Persian Gulf. The formation of this destructive phenomenon resulted from a downburst under Cumulonimbus cloud and high-velocity air subsidence, after collision with the sea surface coinciding with the high tide. This caused a severe, yet temporary, gust, which in turn caused the creation of the four waves of 3.1 m height along the coast of Bandar Dayyer. View Full-Text
Keywords: synoptic maps; thunderstorm; downburst; WRF Model; Bandar Dayyer synoptic maps; thunderstorm; downburst; WRF Model; Bandar Dayyer
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MDPI and ACS Style

Abbasi, E.; Etemadi, H.; Smoak, J.M.; Rousta, I.; Olafsson, H.; Baranowski, P.; Krzyszczak, J. Investigation of Atmospheric Conditions Associated with a Storm Surge in the South-West of Iran. Atmosphere 2021, 12, 1429. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12111429

AMA Style

Abbasi E, Etemadi H, Smoak JM, Rousta I, Olafsson H, Baranowski P, Krzyszczak J. Investigation of Atmospheric Conditions Associated with a Storm Surge in the South-West of Iran. Atmosphere. 2021; 12(11):1429. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12111429

Chicago/Turabian Style

Abbasi, Esmaeil, Hana Etemadi, Joseph M. Smoak, Iman Rousta, Haraldur Olafsson, Piotr Baranowski, and Jaromir Krzyszczak. 2021. "Investigation of Atmospheric Conditions Associated with a Storm Surge in the South-West of Iran" Atmosphere 12, no. 11: 1429. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12111429

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