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Open AccessArticle

Towards Sustainable Neighborhoods in Europe: Mitigating 12 Environmental Impacts by Successively Applying 8 Scenarios

1
Beneficiary of an AXA Research Fund Postdoctoral Grant, Research Leaders Fellowships, AXA SA 25 avenue Matignon, 75008 Paris, France
2
LEMA, UEE, ArGEnCo Department, University of Liège, 4000 Liège, Belgium
3
Department of Architectural Engineering, 104 Engineering Unit A, Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA 16802-1416, USA
4
The University of Sydney, Indoor Environmental Quality Lab, School of Architecture, Design and Planning, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atmosphere 2020, 11(6), 603; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11060603
Received: 20 April 2020 / Revised: 25 May 2020 / Accepted: 3 June 2020 / Published: 8 June 2020
The purpose of this research is to determine the most impactful and important source of environmental change at the neighborhood level. The study of multiple scenarios allows us to determine the influence of several parameters on the results of the life cycle analysis of the neighborhood. We are looking at quantifying the impact of orientation, storm water management, density, mobility and the use of renewable energies on the environmental balance sheet of a neighborhood, based on eleven environmental indicators. An eco-neighborhood, located in Belgium, has been selected as the modeling site. The results show that the management of mobility is the parameter that can reduce the impact the most, in terms of greenhouse effect, odor, damage to biodiversity and health. With the adaptation of photovoltaic panels on the site, the production exceeds the consumption all through the year, except for the months of December and January, when the installation covers 45% and 75% of the consumption, respectively. Increasing the built density of the neighborhood by roof stacking allows the different environmental impacts, calculated per inhabitant, to be homogeneously minimized. View Full-Text
Keywords: life cycle assessment; sustainable neighborhood; Belgium; urban scale; roof stacking life cycle assessment; sustainable neighborhood; Belgium; urban scale; roof stacking
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Kameni Nematchoua, M.; Sevin, M.; Reiter, S. Towards Sustainable Neighborhoods in Europe: Mitigating 12 Environmental Impacts by Successively Applying 8 Scenarios. Atmosphere 2020, 11, 603.

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