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Characteristics of Air Pollution and Their Relationship with Meteorological Parameters: Northern Versus Southern Cities of China

Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Environment Monitoring and Pollution Control (AEMPC), Collaborative Innovation Center of Atmospheric Environment and Equipment Technology (AEET), School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology (NUIST), Nanjing 210044, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atmosphere 2020, 11(3), 253;
Received: 13 February 2020 / Revised: 25 February 2020 / Accepted: 28 February 2020 / Published: 3 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Air Quality)
Air pollution shows a generally decreasing trend from the north to the south in China since 2013 (GB3095-2012, the current standard for monitoring). However, an opposite observation was recorded in 2017, especially in winter. In this study, we collected monitoring data of six air pollutants in 2016 and 2017, from a northern city (Beijing) and a southern city (Nanjing) for comparison. As air pollution was highly dependent upon meteorological conditions, we further analyzed their relationships to explain this abnormal phenomenon. Seasonal averaged PM2.5, PM10, SO2, CO, and NO2 were negatively correlated with wind scale (WS) while 8-h O3 exhibited an opposite relationship. Relative humidity (RH) has opposite effects on the concentrations of different pollutants in Beijing and Nanjing. The 8-h O3 showed the closest positive correlation with temperature (T), which is due to its formation mechanism. In Beijing, decreased RH, together with more wind from northwest in winter, resulted in an improved air quality in 2017. In Nanjing, WS, RH, T, and wind direction fluctuated within a narrow range in each season, leading to relatively stable pollutant concentrations. These results suggest that meteorological conditions are important factors to evaluate the air quality and implement control measures. View Full-Text
Keywords: air pollution; meteorological parameters; Beijing; Nanjing air pollution; meteorological parameters; Beijing; Nanjing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhou, H.; Yu, Y.; Gu, X.; Wu, Y.; Wang, M.; Yue, H.; Gao, J.; Lei, R.; Ge, X. Characteristics of Air Pollution and Their Relationship with Meteorological Parameters: Northern Versus Southern Cities of China. Atmosphere 2020, 11, 253.

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