Large meteoroids can be registered in infrasound recordings during their entry into the Earth’s atmosphere. A comprehensive study of 10 large fireball events of the years 2018 and 2019 highlights their detection and characterization using global infrasound arrays of the International Monitoring System (IMS) of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT). The study focuses on the observation and event analysis of the fireballs to estimate their respective location, yield, trajectory, and entry behavior. Signal characteristics are derived by applying the Progressive Multi-Channel Correlation method as an array technique. The comparison of the events with a NASA reference database as well as the application of atmospheric propagation modeling allows to draw conclusions about infrasound-based detection capability, localization accuracy, yield estimation, and source characterization. The infrasound technique provides a time- and location-independent remote monitoring opportunity of impacting near-Earth objects (NEOs), either independent or complementary to other fireball observation methods. Additionally, insights about the detection and localization capability of IMS infrasound stations can be gained from using large fireballs as reference events, being of importance for the continuous monitoring and verification of atmospheric explosions in a CTBT context.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited