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The Climatology and Trend of Surface Wind Speed over Antarctica and the Southern Ocean and the Implication to Wind Energy Application

by Lejiang Yu 1,2,*, Shiyuan Zhong 3 and Bo Sun 1
1
SOA Key Laboratory for Polar Science, Polar Research Institute of China, Shanghai 200136, China
2
Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory, Zhuhai 519000, China
3
Department of Geography, Environment and Spatial Sciences, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atmosphere 2020, 11(1), 108; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11010108
Received: 28 November 2019 / Revised: 1 January 2020 / Accepted: 13 January 2020 / Published: 16 January 2020
Surface wind trends and variability over Antarctica and the Southern Ocean and their implications to wind energy in the region are analyzed using the gridded ERA-Interim reanalysis data between 1979 and 2017 and the Self-Organizing Map (SOM) technique. In general, surface winds are stronger over the coastal regions of East Antarctica and the Transantarctic Mountains and weaker over the Ross and Ronne ice shelves and the Antarctic Peninsula; and stronger in winter and weaker in summer. Winds in the southern Indian and Pacific Oceans and along coastal regions exhibit a strong interannual variability that appears to be correlated to the Antarctic Oscillation (AAO) index. A significantly positive trend in surface wind speeds is found across most regions and about 20% and 17% of the austral autumn and summer wind trends, respectively, and less than 1% of the winter and spring wind trends may be explained by the trends in the AAO index. Except for the Antarctic Peninsula, Ronne and Ross ice shelves, and small areas in the interior East Antarctica, most of the continent is found to be suitable for the development of wind power. View Full-Text
Keywords: wind energy; Antarctica wind; Antarctic Oscillation (AAO); Self-Organizing Map (SOM) wind energy; Antarctica wind; Antarctic Oscillation (AAO); Self-Organizing Map (SOM)
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Yu, L.; Zhong, S.; Sun, B. The Climatology and Trend of Surface Wind Speed over Antarctica and the Southern Ocean and the Implication to Wind Energy Application. Atmosphere 2020, 11, 108.

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