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Anthropogenic CH4 Emissions in the Yangtze River Delta Based on A “Top-Down” Method

1
Yale-NUIST Center on Atmospheric Environment, Nanjing University of Information, Science and Technology, Nanjing 210044, China
2
NUIST-Wuxi Research Institute, Wuxi 214073, China
3
Radio Science Research Institute Inc., Wuxi 214073, China
4
Department of Soil, Water, and Climate, University of Minnesota-Twin Cities, St. Paul, MN 55108, USA
5
School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atmosphere 2019, 10(4), 185; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos10040185
Received: 3 March 2019 / Revised: 1 April 2019 / Accepted: 2 April 2019 / Published: 5 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Lower Atmosphere Meteorology)
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Abstract

There remains significant uncertainty in the estimation of anthropogenic CH4 emissions at local and regional scales. We used atmospheric CH4 and CO2 concentration data to constrain the anthropogenic CH4 emission in the Yangtze River Delta one of the most populated and economically important regions in China. The observation of atmospheric CH4 and CO2 concentration was carried out from May 2012 to April 2017 at a rural site. A tracer correlation method was used to estimate the anthropogenic CH4 emission in this region, and compared this “top-down” estimate with that obtained with the IPCC inventory method. The annual growth rates of the atmospheric CO2 and CH4 mole fractions are 2.5 ± 0.7 ppm year−1 and 9.5 ± 4.7 ppb year−1, respectively, which are 9% and 53% higher than the values obtained at Waliguan (WLG) station. The average annual anthropogenic CH4 emission is 4.37 (± 0.61) × 109 kg in the YRD (excluding rice cultivation). This “top-down” estimate is 20–70% greater than the estimate based on the IPCC method. We suggest that possible sources for the discrepancy include low biases in the IPCC calculation of emission from landfills, ruminants and the transport sector. View Full-Text
Keywords: “top-down” method; the Yangtze River Delta; CO2; CH4; annual growth rate; anthropogenic CH4 emissions “top-down” method; the Yangtze River Delta; CO2; CH4; annual growth rate; anthropogenic CH4 emissions
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Huang, W.; Xiao, W.; Zhang, M.; Wang, W.; Xu, J.; Hu, Y.; Hu, C.; Liu, S.; Lee, X. Anthropogenic CH4 Emissions in the Yangtze River Delta Based on A “Top-Down” Method. Atmosphere 2019, 10, 185.

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