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Open AccessArticle

Comparison of Element Concentrations (Ba, Mn, Pb, Sr, Zn) in the Bones and Teeth of Wild Ruminants from the West Carpathians and the Tian-Shan Mountains as Indicators of Air Pollution

1
Institute of High Mountain Biology, University of Žilina, SK-05956 Tatranská Javorina 7, Slovakia
2
Department of Biotechnology, University of St. Cyril and Methodius, Nám. J. Herdu 2, 917 01 Trnava, Slovakia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atmosphere 2019, 10(2), 64; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos10020064
Received: 5 November 2018 / Revised: 16 January 2019 / Accepted: 24 January 2019 / Published: 2 February 2019
Through analyzing the concentrations of selected heavy metals (Ba, Mn, Pb, Sr, Zn) in the bones and teeth of wild living and ecologically equivalent ruminants from the Tian-Shan (Capra sibirica and Ovis ammon polii) and the West Carpathians (Rupicapra rupicapra tatrica) we compared the environmental pollution levels of these two mountain ranges. The samples were analyzed by X-ray fluorescence. Significantly higher contents of Zn and Mn as well as a higher frequency of measurable occurrences of Mn, Ba, and Pb in samples from the West Carpathians confirmed the results of our previous study, that the West Carpathians are relatively more polluted by heavy metals than the Tian-Shan Mountains. The most probably contamination sources are mining and smelting as well as traffic emissions, which can reach remote mountain ranges through long distance atmospheric transport. View Full-Text
Keywords: atmospheric deposition; industrial pollutants; Tatra chamois; Tatra mountains; the Asiatic ibex; the Marco Polo sheep; toxic elements atmospheric deposition; industrial pollutants; Tatra chamois; Tatra mountains; the Asiatic ibex; the Marco Polo sheep; toxic elements
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Ballová, Z.; Janiga, M.; Hančinský, R. Comparison of Element Concentrations (Ba, Mn, Pb, Sr, Zn) in the Bones and Teeth of Wild Ruminants from the West Carpathians and the Tian-Shan Mountains as Indicators of Air Pollution. Atmosphere 2019, 10, 64.

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