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Investigating the Influence of the Implementation of an Energy Development Plan on Air Quality Using WRF-CAMx Modeling Tools: A Case Study of Shandong Province in China

by Ruoting Luo 1,2, Cheng He 1,2, Qi Yu 1,2, Li He 1,2, Yan Zhang 1,2,3,* and Weichun Ma 1,2,3,*
1
Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
2
Shanghai Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Particle Pollution Prevention, Shanghai 200433, China
3
Big Data Institute for Carbon Emission and Environmental Pollution, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atmosphere 2019, 10(11), 660; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos10110660
Received: 23 September 2019 / Revised: 25 October 2019 / Accepted: 26 October 2019 / Published: 29 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Air Quality)
In this paper, the Weather Research Forecast (WRF) Comprehensive Air Quality Model with Extensions (CAMx) modeling system with the particulate source apportionment technology (PSAT) module was used to study and analyze the spatial and temporal distribution of atmospheric pollutant concentrations and the source apportionment of fine particles (PM2.5) under the base year and an emission reduction scenario in the Shandong province, China. Our results show that industry is the largest contributor of PM2.5. In addition, the contribution of key energy-related industries was as high as 29.5%, with the thermal power industry being the largest individual contributor. In January, the largest contribution came from residents, reaching 41.3%. Moreover, loose coal burning in rural areas contributed up to 19.4% in winter. Our results also show that the emission reduction scenario had palpable effects on the reduction of air pollution. The more the emissions of SO2, NOX, PM2.5, and PM10 were reduced, the more the average concentration was decreased. The implementation of energy conservation and emission reduction policies by industry and resident is conducive to improving the quality of the atmospheric environment. In particular, a comprehensive control of loose coal burning in winter could significantly improve heavy pollution by particulate matter in winter. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy planning; energy conservation; emission reduction; scenario analysis energy planning; energy conservation; emission reduction; scenario analysis
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Luo, R.; He, C.; Yu, Q.; He, L.; Zhang, Y.; Ma, W. Investigating the Influence of the Implementation of an Energy Development Plan on Air Quality Using WRF-CAMx Modeling Tools: A Case Study of Shandong Province in China. Atmosphere 2019, 10, 660.

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