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Analysis of Dual-Polarimetric Radar Variables and Quantitative Precipitation Estimators for Landfall Typhoons and Squall Lines Based on Disdrometer Data in Southern China

1
School of Geographic science, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing 210044, Jiangsu, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Severe Weather, Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
3
Guangdong Meteorological Observation Data Center, Guangzhou 510641, Guangdong, China
4
Guangdong Meteorological Observatory, Guangzhou 510641, Guangdong, China
5
Guangdong Emergency Early Warning Release Center (Guangdong Weather Modification Centre), Guangzhou 510641, Guangdong, China
6
School of Atmospheric Physics, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing 210044, Jiangsu, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atmosphere 2019, 10(1), 30; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos10010030
Received: 7 November 2018 / Revised: 31 December 2018 / Accepted: 8 January 2019 / Published: 14 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Climatology and Meteorology)
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Abstract

Typhoon rainstorms often cause disasters in southern China. Quantitative precipitation estimation (QPE) with the use of polarimetric radar can improve the accuracy of precipitation estimation and enhance typhoon defense ability. On the basis of the observed drop size distribution (DSD) of raindrops, a comparison is conducted among the DSD parameters and the polarimetric radar observation retrieved from DSD in five typhoon and three squall line events that occurred in southern China from 2016 to 2017. A new piecewise fitting method (PFM) is used to develop the QPE estimators for landfall typhoons and squall lines. The performance of QPE is evaluated by two fitting methods for two precipitation types using DSD data collected. Findings indicate that the number concentration of raindrops in typhoon precipitation is large and the average diameter is small, while the raindrops in squall line rain have opposite characteristics. The differential reflectivity (ZDR) and specific differential phase (KDP) in these two precipitation types increase slowly with the reflectivity factor (ZH), whereas the two precipitation types have different ZDR and KDP in the same ZH. Thus, it is critical to fit the rainfall estimator for different precipitation types. Enhanced estimation can be obtained using the estimators for specific precipitation types, whether the estimators are derived from the conventional fitting method (CFM) or PFM, and the estimators fitted using the PFM can produce better results. The estimators for the developed polarimetric radar can be used in operational QPE and quantitative precipitation foresting, and they can improve disaster defense against typhoons and heavy rains. View Full-Text
Keywords: landfall typhoons in Southern China; drop size distribution; QPE algorithm for specific precipitation type; PFM landfall typhoons in Southern China; drop size distribution; QPE algorithm for specific precipitation type; PFM
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Zhang, Y.; Liu, L.; Bi, S.; Wu, Z.; Shen, P.; Ao, Z.; Chen, C.; Zhang, Y. Analysis of Dual-Polarimetric Radar Variables and Quantitative Precipitation Estimators for Landfall Typhoons and Squall Lines Based on Disdrometer Data in Southern China. Atmosphere 2019, 10, 30.

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