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Variations in the Simulation of Climate Change Impact Indices due to Different Land Surface Schemes over the Mediterranean, Middle East and Northern Africa

Energy, Environment and Water Research Center, The Cyprus Institute, 2121 Nicosia, Cyprus
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Atmosphere 2019, 10(1), 26; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos10010026
Received: 30 October 2018 / Revised: 19 December 2018 / Accepted: 8 January 2019 / Published: 12 January 2019
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Abstract

The Eastern Mediterranean (EM) and the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) are projected to be exposed to extreme climatic conditions in the 21st century, which will likely induce adverse impacts in various sectors. Relevant climate change impact assessments utilise data from climate model projections and process-based impact models or simpler, index-based approaches. In this study, we explore the implied uncertainty from variations of climate change impact-related indices as induced by the modelled climate (WRF regional climate model) from different land surface schemes (Noah, NoahMP, CLM and RUC). The three climate change impact-related indicators examined here are the Radiative Index of Dryness (RID), the Fuel Dryness Index (Fd) and the Water-limited Yield (Yw). Our findings indicate that Noah simulates the highest values for both RID and Fd, while CLM gives the highest estimations for winter wheat Yw. The relative dispersion in the three indices derived by the different land schemes is not negligible, amounting, for the overall geographical domain of 25% for RID and Fd, and 10% for Yw. The dispersion is even larger for specific sub-regions. View Full-Text
Keywords: regional climate modeling; WRF; Land-surface Models; Mediterranean; Middle East; uncertainties; climate change; impact indices regional climate modeling; WRF; Land-surface Models; Mediterranean; Middle East; uncertainties; climate change; impact indices
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Constantinidou, K.; Zittis, G.; Hadjinicolaou, P. Variations in the Simulation of Climate Change Impact Indices due to Different Land Surface Schemes over the Mediterranean, Middle East and Northern Africa. Atmosphere 2019, 10, 26.

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