Global Long Noncoding RNA and mRNA Expression Changes between Prenatal and Neonatal Lung Tissue in Pigs
AbstractLung tissue plays an important role in the respiratory system of mammals after birth. Early lung development includes six key stages, of which the saccular stage spans the pre- and neonatal periods and prepares the distal lung for alveolarization and gas-exchange. However, little is known about the changes in gene expression between fetal and neonatal lungs. In this study, we performed transcriptomic analysis of messenger RNA (mRNA) and long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) expressed in the lung tissue of fetal and neonatal piglets. A total of 19,310 lncRNAs and 14,579 mRNAs were identified and substantially expressed. Furthermore, 3248 mRNAs were significantly (FDR-adjusted p value ≤ 0.05, FDR: False Discovery Rate) differentially expressed and were mainly enriched in categories related to cell proliferation, immune response, hypoxia response, and mitochondrial activation. For example, CCNA2, an important gene involved in the cell cycle and DNA replication, was upregulated in neonatal lungs. We also identified 452 significantly (FDR-adjusted p value ≤ 0.05) differentially expressed lncRNAs, which might function in cell proliferation, mitochondrial activation, and immune response, similar to the differentially expressed mRNAs. These results suggest that differentially expressed mRNAs and lncRNAs might co-regulate lung development in early postnatal pigs. Notably, the TU64359 lncRNA might promote distal lung development by up-regulating the heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like (HB-EGF) expression. Our research provides basic lung development datasets and will accelerate clinical researches of newborn lung diseases with pig models. View Full-Text
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Jin, L.; Hu, S.; Tu, T.; Huang, Z.; Tang, Q.; Ma, J.; Wang, X.; Li, X.; Zhou, X.; Shuai, S.; Li, M. Global Long Noncoding RNA and mRNA Expression Changes between Prenatal and Neonatal Lung Tissue in Pigs. Genes 2018, 9, 443.
Jin L, Hu S, Tu T, Huang Z, Tang Q, Ma J, Wang X, Li X, Zhou X, Shuai S, Li M. Global Long Noncoding RNA and mRNA Expression Changes between Prenatal and Neonatal Lung Tissue in Pigs. Genes. 2018; 9(9):443.Chicago/Turabian Style
Jin, Long; Hu, Silu; Tu, Teng; Huang, Zhiqing; Tang, Qianzi; Ma, Jideng; Wang, Xun; Li, Xuewei; Zhou, Xuan; Shuai, Surong; Li, Mingzhou. 2018. "Global Long Noncoding RNA and mRNA Expression Changes between Prenatal and Neonatal Lung Tissue in Pigs." Genes 9, no. 9: 443.
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