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Genes 2018, 9(2), 60;

Genomic Diversity in the Endosymbiotic Bacterium Rhizobium leguminosarum

Centro de Biotecnología y Genómica de Plantas, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM)—Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA), Campus de Montegancedo UPM, 28223 Madrid, Spain
Departamento de Biotecnología-Biología Vegetal, Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingeniería Agronómica, Alimentaría y de Biosistemas, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM), 28040 Madrid, Spain
Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, OX1 3RB Oxford, UK
Departamento de Biología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (UAM), Ciudad Universitaria de Cantoblanco, Calle Francisco Tomás y Valiente 7, 28049 Madrid, Spain
Institute for Genome Sciences (IGS), University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
Instituto de Ciencias Agrarias, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Serrano 115 bis, 28006 Madrid, Spain
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 December 2017 / Revised: 16 January 2018 / Accepted: 22 January 2018 / Published: 24 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Genetics and Genomics of the Rhizobium-Legume Symbiosis)
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Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. viciae is a soil α-proteobacterium that establishes a diazotrophic symbiosis with different legumes of the Fabeae tribe. The number of genome sequences from rhizobial strains available in public databases is constantly increasing, although complete, fully annotated genome structures from rhizobial genomes are scarce. In this work, we report and analyse the complete genome of R. leguminosarum bv. viciae UPM791. Whole genome sequencing can provide new insights into the genetic features contributing to symbiotically relevant processes such as bacterial adaptation to the rhizosphere, mechanisms for efficient competition with other bacteria, and the ability to establish a complex signalling dialogue with legumes, to enter the root without triggering plant defenses, and, ultimately, to fix nitrogen within the host. Comparison of the complete genome sequences of two strains of R. leguminosarum bv. viciae, 3841 and UPM791, highlights the existence of different symbiotic plasmids and a common core chromosome. Specific genomic traits, such as plasmid content or a distinctive regulation, define differential physiological capabilities of these endosymbionts. Among them, strain UPM791 presents unique adaptations for recycling the hydrogen generated in the nitrogen fixation process. View Full-Text
Keywords: Rhizobium leguminosarum; nitrogen fixation; symbiosis; genome; plasmid Rhizobium leguminosarum; nitrogen fixation; symbiosis; genome; plasmid

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Sánchez-Cañizares, C.; Jorrín, B.; Durán, D.; Nadendla, S.; Albareda, M.; Rubio-Sanz, L.; Lanza, M.; González-Guerrero, M.; Prieto, R.I.; Brito, B.; Giglio, M.G.; Rey, L.; Ruiz-Argüeso, T.; Palacios, J.M.; Imperial, J. Genomic Diversity in the Endosymbiotic Bacterium Rhizobium leguminosarum. Genes 2018, 9, 60.

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