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Open AccessArticle

PPARG Pro12Ala Polymorphism with CKD in Asians: A Meta-Analysis Combined with a Case-Control Study—A Key for Reaching Null Association

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Division of Rheumatology/Immunology/Allergy, Department of Internal Medicine, Tri Service, General Hospital, National Defense Medical Centre, Taipei 11490, Taiwan
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Division of Chest Medicine, Department of Medicine, Cheng Hsin General Hospital, Taipei 11220, Taiwan
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Department of Medicine, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei 11490, Taiwan
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School of Public Health, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei 11490, Taiwan
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Graduate Institute of Life Sciences, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei 11490, Taiwan
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Department of Health Industry Management, Kainan University, Taoyuan 33857, Taiwan
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Division on Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 11031, Taiwan
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Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei 11490, Taiwan
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School of Public Health, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 11490, Taiwan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Genes 2020, 11(6), 705; https://doi.org/10.3390/genes11060705
Received: 21 May 2020 / Revised: 20 June 2020 / Accepted: 23 June 2020 / Published: 26 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Human Genomics and Genetic Diseases)
Background: So far, numerous meta-analyses have been published regarding the correlation between peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARG) proline 12 alanine (Pro12Ala) gene polymorphism and chronic kidney disease (CKD); however, the results appear to be contradictory. Hence, this study is formulated with the objective of using existing meta-analysis data together with our research population to study the correlation between PPARG Pro12Ala gene polymorphism and CKD and evaluate whether an accurate result can be obtained. Methods: First, literature related to CKD and PPARG Pro12Ala available on the PubMed and EMBASE databases up to December 2016 was gathered from 20 publications. Then, the gathered results were combined with our case-control study of 1693 enrolled subjects and a trial sequential analysis (TSA) was performed to verify existing evidence and determine whether a firm conclusion can be drawn. Results: The TSA results showed that the cumulative sample size for the Asian sample was 6078 and was sufficient to support a definite result. The results of this study confirmed that there is no obvious correlation between PPARG Pro12Ala and CKD for Asians (OR = 0.82 (95% CI = 0.66–1.02), I2 = 63.1%), but this was not confirmed for Caucasians. Furthermore, the case-control sample in our study was shown to be the key for reaching this conclusion. Conclusions: The meta-analysis results of this study suggest no significant correlation between PPARG Pro12Ala gene polymorphism and CKD for Asians after adding our samples, but not for Caucasian. View Full-Text
Keywords: chronic kidney disease; peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor; gene polymorphism; case-control study; meta-analysis; trial sequential analysis; meta-regression; gene-environment interaction chronic kidney disease; peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor; gene polymorphism; case-control study; meta-analysis; trial sequential analysis; meta-regression; gene-environment interaction
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Chen, H.-C.; Chen, W.-T.; Sung, T.-L.; Tsai, D.-J.; Lin, C.; Su, H.; Lin, Y.-F.; Chiu, H.-Y.; Su, S.-L. PPARG Pro12Ala Polymorphism with CKD in Asians: A Meta-Analysis Combined with a Case-Control Study—A Key for Reaching Null Association. Genes 2020, 11, 705.

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