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Open AccessArticle

DNA Barcoding Reveals High Levels of Divergence among Mitochondrial Lineages of Brycon (Characiformes, Bryconidae)

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Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia e Conservação da Biodiversidade, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso, Avenida Fernando Correia da Costa, 2367, Cuiabá, Mato Grosso 78060-900, Brazil
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Departamento de Biologia e Zoologia, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso, Avenida Fernando Correia da Costa, 2367, Cuiabá, Mato Grosso 78060-900, Brazil
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Departamento de Morfologia, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho—UNESP, Rubião Jr S-N, Botucatu, São Paulo 18618-970, Brazil
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Genes 2019, 10(9), 639; https://doi.org/10.3390/genes10090639
Received: 30 July 2019 / Revised: 20 August 2019 / Accepted: 21 August 2019 / Published: 23 August 2019
Brycon is an important group of Neotropical fish and the principal genus of the family Bryconidae, with 44 valid species that are found in some Central American rivers and practically all the major hydrographic basins of South America. These fish are medium to large in size, migratory, omnivorous, important seed dispersers for riparian forests, and bioindicators of environmental quality, given that they are found preferentially in rivers with clean, well oxygenated water. Many Brycon species are important fishery resources and some are farmed. Morphological and molecular studies have nevertheless indicated that the group is not monophyletic and has a number of unresolved taxonomic problems. Given this, the present study aimed to identify the Molecular Operational Taxonomic Units (MOTUs) of the genus using the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase I (COI) gene, with analyses of genetics distance (NJ), maximum likelihood (ML), and Bayesian Inference (BI), combined with two different species delimitation approaches (GMYC and ABGD). The results indicate that at least 31 MOTUs exist within the 18 species identified a priori based on their morphology. Many of these lineages require further investigation for a more definitive classification. View Full-Text
Keywords: Freshwater fish; MOTUs; biodiversity; Neotropical region; matrinchã Freshwater fish; MOTUs; biodiversity; Neotropical region; matrinchã
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Arruda, P.S.S.; Ferreira, D.C.; Oliveira, C.; Venere, P.C. DNA Barcoding Reveals High Levels of Divergence among Mitochondrial Lineages of Brycon (Characiformes, Bryconidae). Genes 2019, 10, 639.

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