Clinical and Genetic Findings in Children with Neurofibromatosis Type 1, Legius Syndrome, and Other Related Neurocutaneous Disorders
AbstractPigmentary manifestations can represent an early clinical sign in children affected by Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), Legius syndrome, and other neurocutaneous disorders. The differential molecular diagnosis of these pathologies is a challenge that can now be met by combining next generation sequencing of target genes with concurrent second-level tests, such as multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification and RNA analysis. We clinically and genetically investigated 281 patients, almost all pediatric cases, presenting with either NF1 (n = 150), only pigmentary features (café au lait macules with or without freckling; (n = 95), or clinical suspicion of other RASopathies or neurocutaneous disorders (n = 36). The causative variant was identified in 239 out of the 281 patients analyzed (85.1%), while 42 patients remained undiagnosed (14.9%). The NF1 and SPRED1 genes were mutated in 73.3% and 2.8% of cases, respectively. The remaining 8.9% carried mutations in different genes associated with other disorders. We achieved a molecular diagnosis in 69.5% of cases with only pigmentary manifestations, allowing a more appropriate clinical management of these patients. Our findings, together with the increasing availability and sharing of clinical and genetic data, will help to identify further novel genotype–phenotype associations that may have a positive impact on patient follow-up. View Full-Text
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Giugliano, T.; Santoro, C.; Torella, A.; Del Vecchio Blanco, F.; Grandone, A.; Onore, M.E.; Melone, M.A.B.; Straccia, G.; Melis, D.; Piccolo, V.; Limongelli, G.; Buono, S.; Perrotta, S.; Nigro, V.; Piluso, G. Clinical and Genetic Findings in Children with Neurofibromatosis Type 1, Legius Syndrome, and Other Related Neurocutaneous Disorders. Genes 2019, 10, 580.
Giugliano T, Santoro C, Torella A, Del Vecchio Blanco F, Grandone A, Onore ME, Melone MAB, Straccia G, Melis D, Piccolo V, Limongelli G, Buono S, Perrotta S, Nigro V, Piluso G. Clinical and Genetic Findings in Children with Neurofibromatosis Type 1, Legius Syndrome, and Other Related Neurocutaneous Disorders. Genes. 2019; 10(8):580.Chicago/Turabian Style
Giugliano, Teresa; Santoro, Claudia; Torella, Annalaura; Del Vecchio Blanco, Francesca; Grandone, Anna; Onore, Maria E.; Melone, Mariarosa A.B.; Straccia, Giulia; Melis, Daniela; Piccolo, Vincenzo; Limongelli, Giuseppe; Buono, Salvatore; Perrotta, Silverio; Nigro, Vincenzo; Piluso, Giulio. 2019. "Clinical and Genetic Findings in Children with Neurofibromatosis Type 1, Legius Syndrome, and Other Related Neurocutaneous Disorders." Genes 10, no. 8: 580.
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