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Ketogenic Diet and Microbiota: Friends or Enemies?

Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Padova, 35131 Padova, Italy
Research Center for High Performance Sport, UCAM, Catholic University of Murcia, 30107 Murcia, Spain
Italian Microbiome Project, 35100 Padova, Italy
Sport and Exercise Sciences Research Unit, University of Palermo, 90133 Palermo, Italy
Clinical and Sports Nutrition Research Laboratory (LABINCE), Federal University of Goiás, 74690-900 Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Genes 2019, 10(7), 534;
Received: 2 June 2019 / Revised: 6 July 2019 / Accepted: 10 July 2019 / Published: 15 July 2019
Over the last years, a growing body of evidence suggests that gut microbial communities play a fundamental role in many aspects of human health and diseases. The gut microbiota is a very dynamic entity influenced by environment and nutritional behaviors. Considering the influence of such a microbial community on human health and its multiple mechanisms of action as the production of bioactive compounds, pathogens protection, energy homeostasis, nutrients metabolism and regulation of immunity, establishing the influences of different nutritional approach is of pivotal importance. The very low carbohydrate ketogenic diet is a very popular dietary approach used for different aims: from weight loss to neurological diseases. The aim of this review is to dissect the complex interactions between ketogenic diet and gut microbiota and how this large network may influence human health. View Full-Text
Keywords: gut microbiota; gut microbiome; intestinal microbiome; ketogenic diet; ketogenic diet and fat gut microbiota; gut microbiome; intestinal microbiome; ketogenic diet; ketogenic diet and fat
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MDPI and ACS Style

Paoli, A.; Mancin, L.; Bianco, A.; Thomas, E.; Mota, J.F.; Piccini, F. Ketogenic Diet and Microbiota: Friends or Enemies? Genes 2019, 10, 534.

AMA Style

Paoli A, Mancin L, Bianco A, Thomas E, Mota JF, Piccini F. Ketogenic Diet and Microbiota: Friends or Enemies? Genes. 2019; 10(7):534.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Paoli, Antonio, Laura Mancin, Antonino Bianco, Ewan Thomas, João F. Mota, and Fabio Piccini. 2019. "Ketogenic Diet and Microbiota: Friends or Enemies?" Genes 10, no. 7: 534.

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