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Role of FOXO Transcription Factors in Cancer Metabolism and Angiogenesis

1
Centre of Reproduction, Development and Aging, Institute of Translational Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Macau, Macau 999078, China
2
Heart and Vascular Institute and Li Ka Shing Institute of Health Sciences, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Cells 2020, 9(7), 1586; https://doi.org/10.3390/cells9071586
Received: 2 June 2020 / Accepted: 25 June 2020 / Published: 30 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The FoxO Transcription Factors and Metabolic Regulation)
Forkhead box O transcription factors (FOXOs) regulate several signaling pathways and play crucial roles in health and disease. FOXOs are key regulators of the expression of genes involved in multiple cellular processes and their deregulation has been implicated in cancer. FOXOs are generally considered tumor suppressors and evidence also suggests that they may have a role in the regulation of cancer metabolism and angiogenesis. In order to continue growing and proliferating, tumor cells have to reprogram their metabolism and induce angiogenesis. Angiogenesis refers to the process of new blood capillary formation from pre-existing vessels, which is an essential driving force in cancer progression and metastasis through supplying tumor cells with oxygen and nutrients. This review summarizes the roles of FOXOs in the regulation of cancer metabolism and angiogenesis. A deeper knowledge of the involvement of FOXOs in these two key processes involved in cancer dissemination may help to develop novel therapeutic approaches for cancer treatment. View Full-Text
Keywords: FOXOs; cancer; cancer metabolism; angiogenesis FOXOs; cancer; cancer metabolism; angiogenesis
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Farhan, M.; Silva, M.; Xingan, X.; Huang, Y.; Zheng, W. Role of FOXO Transcription Factors in Cancer Metabolism and Angiogenesis. Cells 2020, 9, 1586.

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