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Recent Progress of Stem Cell Therapy in Cancer Treatment: Molecular Mechanisms and Potential Applications

1
Department of Human and Animal Physiology, Faculty of Biology, Hanoi National University of Education, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
2
College of Pharmacy, Yeungnam University, 280 Daehak-ro, Gyeongsan-si, Gyeongbuk-do 38541, Korea
3
Institute of Orthopaedics and Trauma Surgery, Viet Duc Hospital, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
4
Department of Anatomy, University of Medicine Pham Ngoc Thach, Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Vietnam
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Oncology Department, Viet Duc Hospital, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
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Department of Surgery, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
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Department of Anatomy, Vietnam Military Medical University, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
8
Institute for Research and Development, Duy Tan University, Danang 550000, Vietnam
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Cells 2020, 9(3), 563; https://doi.org/10.3390/cells9030563
Received: 9 February 2020 / Revised: 26 February 2020 / Accepted: 26 February 2020 / Published: 28 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cancer Stem Cells and Resistance to Therapy)
The insufficient and unspecific target of traditional therapeutic approaches in cancer treatment often leads to therapy resistance and cancer recurrence. Over the past decades, accumulating discoveries about stem cell biology have provided new potential approaches to cure cancer patients. Stem cells possess unique biological actions, including self-renewal, directional migration, differentiation, and modulatory effects on other cells, which can be utilized as regenerative medicine, therapeutic carriers, drug targeting, and generation of immune cells. In this review, we emphasize the mechanisms underlying the use of various types of stem cells in cancer treatment. In addition, we summarize recent progress in the clinical applications of stem cells, as well as common risks of this therapy. We finally give general directions for future studies, aiming to improve overall outcomes in the fight against cancer. View Full-Text
Keywords: stem cells; cancer treatment; mechanisms; application stem cells; cancer treatment; mechanisms; application
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Chu, D.-T.; Nguyen, T.T.; Tien, N.L.B.; Tran, D.-K.; Jeong, J.-H.; Anh, P.G.; Thanh, V.V.; Truong, D.T.; Dinh, T.C. Recent Progress of Stem Cell Therapy in Cancer Treatment: Molecular Mechanisms and Potential Applications. Cells 2020, 9, 563.

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