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gga-miRNA-18b-3p Inhibits Intramuscular Adipocytes Differentiation in Chicken by Targeting the ACOT13 Gene

College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou 450002, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Cells 2019, 8(6), 556; https://doi.org/10.3390/cells8060556
Received: 28 March 2019 / Revised: 4 June 2019 / Accepted: 5 June 2019 / Published: 7 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Cell Signaling and Regulated Cell Death)
Intramuscular fat (IMF) is the most important evaluating indicator of chicken meat quality, the content of which is positively correlated with tenderness, flavor, and succulence of the meat. Chicken IMF deposition process is regulated by many factors, including genetic, nutrition, and environment. Although large number of omics’ studies focused on the IMF deposition process, the molecular mechanism of chicken IMF deposition is still poorly understood. In order to study the role of miRNAs in chicken intramuscular adipogenesis, the intramuscular adipocyte differentiation model (IMF-preadipocytes and IMF-adipocytes) was established and subject to miRNA-Seq. A total of 117 differentially expressed miRNAs between two groups were obtained. Target genes prediction and functional enrichment analysis revealed that eight pathways involved in lipid metabolism related processes, such as fatty acid metabolism and fatty acid elongation. Meanwhile a putative miRNA, gga-miR-18b-3p, was identified be served a function in the intramuscular adipocyte differentiation. Luciferase assay suggested that the gga-miR-18b-3p targeted to the 3′UTR of ACOT13. Subsequent functional experiments demonstrated that gga-miR-18b-3p acted as an inhibitor of intramuscular adipocyte differentiation by targeting ACOT13. Our findings laid a new theoretical foundation for the study of lipid metabolism, and also provided a potential target to improve the meat quality in the poultry industry. View Full-Text
Keywords: miR-18b-3p; ACOT13; intramuscular adipocytes; differentiation miR-18b-3p; ACOT13; intramuscular adipocytes; differentiation
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Sun, G.; Li, F.; Ma, X.; Sun, J.; Jiang, R.; Tian, Y.; Han, R.; Li, G.; Wang, Y.; Li, Z.; Kang, X.; Li, W. gga-miRNA-18b-3p Inhibits Intramuscular Adipocytes Differentiation in Chicken by Targeting the ACOT13 Gene. Cells 2019, 8, 556.

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