Temporal Dynamics of VEGFA-Induced VEGFR2/FAK Co-Localization Depend on SHB
Department of Medical Cell Biology, Uppsala University, Box 571, 75123 Uppsala, Sweden
Present address: Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Uppsala University, 75108 Uppsala, Sweden
Institute of Molecular Genetics of the CAS, 14220 Prague, Czech Republic
Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Uppsala University, 75108 Uppsala, Sweden
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Cells 2019, 8(12), 1645; https://doi.org/10.3390/cells8121645
Received: 14 November 2019 / Revised: 12 December 2019 / Accepted: 13 December 2019 / Published: 15 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vascular Signalling)
Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is essential for vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGFA)/VEGF receptor-2 (VEGFR2)-stimulated angiogenesis and vascular permeability. We have previously noted that presence of the Src homology-2 domain adapter protein B (SHB) is of relevance for VEGFA-stimulated angiogenesis in a FAK-dependent manner. The current study was conducted in order address the temporal dynamics of co-localization between these components in HEK293 and primary lung endothelial cells (EC) by total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy (TIRF). An early (<2.5 min) VEGFA-induced increase in VEGFR2 co-localization with SHB was dependent on tyrosine 1175 in VEGFR2. VEGFA also enhanced SHB co-localization with FAK. FAK co-localization with VEGFR2 was dependent on SHB since it was significantly lower in SHB deficient EC after VEGFA addition. Absence of SHB also resulted in a gradual decline of VEGFR2 co-localization with FAK under basal (prior to VEGFA addition) conditions. A similar basal response was observed with expression of the Y1175F-VEGFR2 mutant in wild type EC. The distribution of focal adhesions in SHB-deficient EC was altered with a primarily perinuclear location. These live cell data implicate SHB as a key component regulating FAK activity in response to VEGFA/VEGFR2.