Autophagy in Chronic Kidney Diseases
AbstractAutophagy is a cellular recycling process involving self-degradation and reconstruction of damaged organelles and proteins. Current evidence suggests that autophagy is critical in kidney physiology and homeostasis. In clinical studies, autophagy activations and inhibitions are linked to acute kidney injuries, chronic kidney diseases, diabetic nephropathies, and polycystic kidney diseases. Oxidative stress, inflammation, and mitochondrial dysfunction, which are implicated as important mechanisms underlying many kidney diseases, modulate the autophagy activation and inhibition and lead to cellular recycling dysfunction. Abnormal autophagy function can induce loss of podocytes, damage proximal tubular cells, and glomerulosclerosis. After acute kidney injuries, activated autophagy protects tubular cells from apoptosis and enhances cellular regeneration. Patients with chronic kidney diseases have impaired autophagy that cannot be reversed by hemodialysis. Multiple nephrotoxic medications also alter the autophagy signaling, by which the mechanistic insights of the drugs are revealed, thus providing the unique opportunity to manage the nephrotoxicity of these drugs. In this review, we summarize the current concepts of autophagy and its molecular aspects in different kidney cells pathophysiology. We also discuss the current evidence of autophagy in acute kidney injury, chronic kidney disease, toxic effects of drugs, and aging kidneys. In addition, we examine therapeutic possibilities targeting the autophagy system in kidney diseases. View Full-Text
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Lin, T.-A.; Wu, V. .-C.; Wang, C.-Y. Autophagy in Chronic Kidney Diseases. Cells 2019, 8, 61.
Lin T-A, Wu V -C, Wang C-Y. Autophagy in Chronic Kidney Diseases. Cells. 2019; 8(1):61.Chicago/Turabian Style
Lin, Tien-An; Wu, Victor .-C.; Wang, Chao-Yung. 2019. "Autophagy in Chronic Kidney Diseases." Cells 8, no. 1: 61.
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