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Cells 2018, 7(7), 78; https://doi.org/10.3390/cells7070078

Lamins in Lung Cancer: Biomarkers and Key Factors for Disease Progression through miR-9 Regulation?

1
Aix Marseille Université, INSERM, MMG, 13385 Marseille, France
2
APHM, Hôpital Nord, Department of Thoracic Oncology—Pleural Diseases—Interventional Pulmonology, CEDEX 5, 13385 Marseille, France
3
Aix Marseille Université, APHM, INSERM, MMG, Hôpital la Timone, Service de Biologie Cellulaire, 13385 Marseille, France
4
ProGeLife, 13385 Marseille, France
5
Aix Marseille Université, APHM, INSERM, MMG, Hôpital la Timone, Département de Génétique Médicale, 13385 Marseille, France
6
Aix Marseille Université, APHM, CNRS, INSERM, CRCM, Multidisciplinary Oncology & Therapeutic Innovations Department, 13385 Marseille, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 June 2018 / Revised: 6 July 2018 / Accepted: 9 July 2018 / Published: 16 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Collection Lamins and Laminopathies)
Full-Text   |   PDF [563 KB, uploaded 16 July 2018]   |  

Abstract

Lung cancer represents the primary cause of cancer death in the world. Malignant cells identification and characterization are crucial for the diagnosis and management of patients with primary or metastatic cancers. In this context, the identification of new biomarkers is essential to improve the differential diagnosis between cancer subtypes, to select the most appropriate therapy, and to establish prognostic correlations. Nuclear abnormalities are hallmarks of carcinoma cells and are used as cytological diagnostic criteria of malignancy. Lamins (divided into A- and B-types) are localized in the nuclear matrix comprising nuclear lamina, where they act as scaffolding protein, involved in many nuclear functions, with regulatory effects on the cell cycle and differentiation, senescence and apoptosis. Previous studies have suggested that lamins are involved in tumor development and progression with opposite results concerning their prognostic role. This review provides an overview of lamins expression in lung cancer and the relevance of these findings for disease diagnosis and prognosis. Furthermore, we discuss the link between A-type lamins expression in lung carcinoma cells and nuclear deformability, epithelial to mesenchymal transition, and metastatic potential, and which mechanisms could regulate A-type lamins expression in lung cancer, such as the microRNA miR-9. View Full-Text
Keywords: lamins; lung cancer; lung adenocarcinoma; microRNAs; miR-9 lamins; lung cancer; lung adenocarcinoma; microRNAs; miR-9
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Guinde, J.; Frankel, D.; Perrin, S.; Delecourt, V.; Lévy, N.; Barlesi, F.; Astoul, P.; Roll, P.; Kaspi, E. Lamins in Lung Cancer: Biomarkers and Key Factors for Disease Progression through miR-9 Regulation? Cells 2018, 7, 78.

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