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Open AccessArticle

Effect of the Push-Pull Cropping System on Maize Yield, Stem Borer Infestation and Farmers’ Perception

1
International Center of Insect Physiology & Ecology (ICIPE), PO Box 5689 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
2
Department of Horticulture & Plant Sciences, Jimma University College of Agriculture & Veterinary Medicine, PO Box 307 Jimma, Ethiopia
3
International Center of Insect Physiology & Ecology (ICIPE), PO Box 30772-00100 Nairobi, Kenya
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Agronomy 2019, 9(8), 452; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy9080452
Received: 3 July 2019 / Revised: 5 August 2019 / Accepted: 7 August 2019 / Published: 15 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Cropping Systems)
The productivity of maize in Ethiopia has remained lower than the world average because of several biotic and abiotic factors. Stemborers and poor soil fertility are among the main factors that contribute to this poor maize productivity. A novel cropping strategy, such as the use of push-pull technology, is one of the methods known to solve both challenges at once. A push-pull technology targeting the management of maize stemborers was implemented in the Hawassa district of Ethiopia with the ultimate goal of increased food security among smallholder farmers. This study evaluated farmers’ perception of push-pull technology based on their experiences and observations of the demonstration plots that were established on-farm in Dore Bafano, Jara Gelelcha and Lebu Koremo village of the Hawasa district in 2016 and 2017. This study examined farmers’ perception of the importance of push-pull technology in controlling stemborers and improving soil fertility and access to livestock feed. In both cropping seasons, except for Jara Gelelcha, the maize grain yields were significantly higher in the climate-adapted push-pull plots compared to the maize monocrop plots. The majority (89%) of push-pull technology-practising farmers rated the technology better than their maize production methods on attributes such as access to new livestock feed and the control of stemborer damage. As a result, approximately 96% of the interviewed farmers were interested in adopting the technology starting in the upcoming crop season. Awareness through training and effective dissemination strategies should be strengthened among stakeholders and policymakers for the sustainable use and scaling-up of push-pull technology. View Full-Text
Keywords: farmer’s perception; maize; push-pull technology; stemborer farmer’s perception; maize; push-pull technology; stemborer
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kumela, T.; Mendesil, E.; Enchalew, B.; Kassie, M.; Tefera, T. Effect of the Push-Pull Cropping System on Maize Yield, Stem Borer Infestation and Farmers’ Perception. Agronomy 2019, 9, 452.

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