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Agronomy 2019, 9(2), 61; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy9020061

Comprehensive Evaluation for Cold Tolerance in Wucai (Brassica campestris L.) by the Performance Index on an Absorption Basis (PIabs)

1
College of Horticulture, Vegetable Genetics and Breeding Laboratory, Anhui Agricultural University, Changjiang West Road, NO.130, Hefei 230036, China
2
Institute of Vegetables and Flowers, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
3
Provincial Engineering Laboratory for Horticultural Crop Breeding of Anhui, Hefei 230036, China
4
Wanjiang Vegetable Industrial Technology Institute, Maanshan 238200, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 December 2018 / Revised: 25 January 2019 / Accepted: 28 January 2019 / Published: 30 January 2019
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Abstract

Wucai is a biannual leafy vegetable that is more sensitive to cold than most Brassicaceae vegetables. Here, phenotypic differences in wucai were investigated to identify those genotypes with high cold tolerance at low temperature, which could allow their cultivation in cold climates. In all, on the basis of PIabs, 20 wucai genotypes (10 lower PIabs and 10 higher PIabs) were selected from a collection of 124 genotypes. Both W16-13 and SW-3 (higher PIabs) and the LS-6 and W15-16 (lower PIabs) were screened from the 20 wucai genotypes according to several key plant physiological traits: net photosynthetic rate, electrolyte leakage, chilling injury index, specific leaf area, malondialdehyde contents, and PIabs. To further verify the reliability of PIabs, four genotypes were grown under low temperature gradient conditions and their morphological indexes, chlorophyll content, total antioxidant capacity, fluorescence transients (OJIP transients), leaf cell ultrastructure, and gene expression were measured. These indicators strongly demonstrated that the W16-13 and SW-3, which had higher PIabs, possessed higher resistance to cold stress, while both LS-6 and W15-16 were sensitive to cold. As this study shows, the easily measured performance index, PIabs, could be applied to wucai genotypes to screen for one or more varieties characterized by higher cold tolerance. View Full-Text
Keywords: cold tolerance; cold tolerance indicator; PIabs; wucai cold tolerance; cold tolerance indicator; PIabs; wucai
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Dai, Y.; Yuan, L.; Zhang, S.; Wang, J.; Xie, S.; Zhao, M.; Chen, G.; Sun, R.; Wang, C. Comprehensive Evaluation for Cold Tolerance in Wucai (Brassica campestris L.) by the Performance Index on an Absorption Basis (PIabs). Agronomy 2019, 9, 61.

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