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Open AccessArticle

Mass Selection for Reduced Deoxynivalenol Concentration Using an Optical Sorter in SRW Wheat

1
Department of Plant and Soil Science, University of Kentucky, 1405 Veterans Drive, Lexington, KY 40546, USA
2
Department of Plant Pathology, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN 55108, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agronomy 2019, 9(12), 816; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy9120816
Received: 30 October 2019 / Revised: 18 November 2019 / Accepted: 26 November 2019 / Published: 28 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wheat Breeding: Procedures and Strategies)
Fusarium head blight (FHB) of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) results in discolored Fusarium damaged kernels (FDK) contaminated with deoxynivalenol (DON). DON accumulation, a primary measure of FHB resistance, can be used as a basis for selection, but testing each genotype in several genetically variable populations is expensive and time-consuming. Therefore, FHB resistance breeding decisions are routinely based on in-field phenotypic evaluation. However, using an optical sorter as an alternative to in-field evaluation, mass selection (MS) for FHB resistance can be quickly performed post-harvest. The objective of this study was to utilize an optical seed sorter to select breeding lines with enhanced FHB resistance (lower DON and FDK values). Three hundred F4 derived breeding lines were grown in an inoculated disease nursery over several years in Lexington, KY. Grain from each breeding line was sorted using an optical seed sorter calibrated to reject scabby (discolored) seed. The accepted (non-scabby) seed was used to plant subsequent generations. DON and kernel damage traits were lowered each cycle of line selection with the optical sorter. Our findings suggest that optically sorting grain may be an effective breeding strategy for lowering DON accumulation and limiting kernel damage associated with FHB. View Full-Text
Keywords: mass selection; optical sorter; fusarium head blight (FHB); deoxynivalenol (DON); soft red winter wheat; fusarium damaged kernels (FDK); disease resistance mass selection; optical sorter; fusarium head blight (FHB); deoxynivalenol (DON); soft red winter wheat; fusarium damaged kernels (FDK); disease resistance
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Carmack, W.J.; Clark, A.J.; Dong, Y.; Van Sanford, D.A. Mass Selection for Reduced Deoxynivalenol Concentration Using an Optical Sorter in SRW Wheat. Agronomy 2019, 9, 816.

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