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Open AccessArticle

Unveiling the Efficiency of Vermicompost Derived from Different Biowastes on Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Plant Growth and Soil Health

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Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan
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Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan
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Sub-campus Depalpur, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Okara 56130, Pakistan
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Department of Soil and Environmental Sciences, Muhammad Nawaz Shareef University of Agriculture, Multan 60000, Pakistan
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Department of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Faculty of Agriculture, Tekirdag Namık Kemal University, Süleymanpaşa/Tekirdağ 59030, Turkey
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Department of Soil Science, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan 60800, Pakistan
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School of Civil Engineering and Surveying, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba 4350, Australia
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Department of Isotope Biogeochemistry, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research—UFZ, 04318 Leipzig, Germany
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Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Kamýcká 129, 16500 Prague, Czech Republic
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Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Management, Czech University of Life Sciences in Prague, Kamýcká 129, 16500 Prague, Czech Republic
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agronomy 2019, 9(12), 791; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy9120791
Received: 11 October 2019 / Revised: 18 November 2019 / Accepted: 20 November 2019 / Published: 22 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Soil Fertility Management for Better Crop Production)
The present study was conducted to explore the role of different types of vermicomposts (VCs) prepared from different substrates to improve soil health (physical and chemical properties) and wheat plant growth under field conditions. Different combinations of vermicompost prepared from different substrates (cow dung, paper waste, and rice straw) and inorganic fertilizers were applied in soil using wheat as a test plant. The impact of three different VCs on physico-chemical characteristics and nutrient availability in soil was evaluated to examine their efficacy in combination with chemical fertilizers. Temporal trends in vermicomposting treatments at various stages showed significant improvement in physico-chemical attributes of the VCs substrates. All the plant physiological attributes showed significant response where N:P:K 100:50:50 kg ha−1 + 10 t ha−1 cow dung vermicompost was applied. In addition, post-harvest analysis of soil not only revealed that different combinations of the vermicomposting treatments improved the soil health by improving the physico-chemical attributes of the soil. Conclusively, application of cow dung vermicompost along with recommended NPK not only improved crop yield, soil health, reduced insect (aphid) infestation but also fortified grains with Zn and Fe. View Full-Text
Keywords: cow dung; vermicompost; soil health; aphid; yield; paper cow dung; vermicompost; soil health; aphid; yield; paper
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Aslam, Z.; Bashir, S.; Hassan, W.; Bellitürk, K.; Ahmad, N.; Niazi, N.K.; Khan, A.; Khan, M.I.; Chen, Z.; Maitah, M. Unveiling the Efficiency of Vermicompost Derived from Different Biowastes on Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Plant Growth and Soil Health. Agronomy 2019, 9, 791.

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