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Open AccessArticle

Varietal Change Dominates Adoption of Technology in Spanish Citrus Production

1
Departamento de Economía de la Empresa, Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingeniería Agronómica, Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena, Paseo Alfonso XIII, 48, 30203 Cartagena, Spain
2
Departamento de Economía Agraria (Researcher until 2010), IVIA (Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Agrarias), Carretera CV 315 Km 10, 7, 46113 Moncada, Spain
3
CDAS (Centro para el Desarrollo de la Agricultura Sostenible), IVIA (Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Agrarias), Carretera CV 315 Km 10, 7, 46113 Moncada, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agronomy 2019, 9(10), 631; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy9100631
Received: 9 August 2019 / Revised: 30 September 2019 / Accepted: 8 October 2019 / Published: 11 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Breeding and Production of Citrus)
After describing the technology adopted and its influence on production and yield, the importance of varietal change, which is essential to meet demand, is underscored. The choice of a variety by growers depends on the expected price it will fetch along with the commercial and crop characteristics and the quality. Survival of a variety in the marketplace depends on the performance as expected and on the existence of other more competitive varieties. First, in Spanish citrus farming, the navel group predominate, with 41.10% of orange production, in which the main varieties are “Navelina” and “Lanelate.” The group of late white oranges is also important. The mandarin orange group includes clementines and mandarin hybrids; lemons also feature prominently. In sweet oranges, the navel group and late white group has often been renewed with varieties from the same group. In very early clementines varieties, the survival of which is usually short, the supply of new varieties is excessive. Because of its commercial characteristics and harvesting time, the group with the highest expansion possibilities are the mandarin hybrids which are in demand by hypermarkets. In the introduction of varieties, in recent years we have seen varietal clubs being established, with area control of each variety and very strict rules on cultivation and marketing. View Full-Text
Keywords: varietal groups; historical evolution; commercial condition; varietal obsolescence; categories of adopters; varietal clubs varietal groups; historical evolution; commercial condition; varietal obsolescence; categories of adopters; varietal clubs
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MDPI and ACS Style

de-Miguel, M.D.; Caballero, P.; Fernández-Zamudio, M.A. Varietal Change Dominates Adoption of Technology in Spanish Citrus Production. Agronomy 2019, 9, 631. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy9100631

AMA Style

de-Miguel MD, Caballero P, Fernández-Zamudio MA. Varietal Change Dominates Adoption of Technology in Spanish Citrus Production. Agronomy. 2019; 9(10):631. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy9100631

Chicago/Turabian Style

de-Miguel, Maria D.; Caballero, Pedro; Fernández-Zamudio, Maria A. 2019. "Varietal Change Dominates Adoption of Technology in Spanish Citrus Production" Agronomy 9, no. 10: 631. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy9100631

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