Assessment of Genetic Diversity in Opuntia spp. Portuguese Populations Using SSR Molecular Markers
AbstractThe Opuntia spp., most likely few individuals, were introduced in the Iberian Peninsula in the beginning of the 16th century, after the discovery of America, spreading afterwards throughout the Mediterranean basin. We analysed, for the first time, the genetic diversity in a set of 19 Portuguese Opuntia spp. populations from the species O. ficus-indica, O. elata, O. dillenii and O. robusta using nuclear microsatellite (nuSSR) markers. The Italian cultivars ‘Bianca’, ‘Gialla’ and ‘Rossa’ were included in the study for comparison purposes. The nuSSR amplifications produced from five to 16 alleles, with an average of 9.2 alleles per primer pair, and average polymorphism information content of 0.71. The estimated Dice coefficient among populations varied from 0.26 to 1.0, indicating high interspecific genetic diversity but low genetic diversity at the intraspecific level. The hierarchical clustering analysis revealed four major groups that clearly separated the four Opuntia species. Among the O. ficus-indica populations, two sub-clusters were found, one including the white pulp fruits (with cv. Bianca) and the other with the orange pulp ones and including the cv. Gialla, the cv. Rossa, and one pale yellow pulp population. No genetic differences were found between the inermis form, O. ficus-indica f. ficus-indica, and the rewilded spiny one, O. ficus-indica f. amyclaea. The dendrogram indicated that the clustering pattern was unrelated to geographical origin. The results revealed a low level of genetic diversity among the Portuguese populations of O. ficus-indica. View Full-Text
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Reis, C.M.G.; Raimundo, J.; Ribeiro, M.M. Assessment of Genetic Diversity in Opuntia spp. Portuguese Populations Using SSR Molecular Markers. Agronomy 2018, 8, 55.
Reis CMG, Raimundo J, Ribeiro MM. Assessment of Genetic Diversity in Opuntia spp. Portuguese Populations Using SSR Molecular Markers. Agronomy. 2018; 8(4):55.Chicago/Turabian Style
Reis, Carlos M.G.; Raimundo, Joana; Ribeiro, Maria M. 2018. "Assessment of Genetic Diversity in Opuntia spp. Portuguese Populations Using SSR Molecular Markers." Agronomy 8, no. 4: 55.
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