Next Article in Journal
Genetic Dissection of QTL Associated with Grain Yield in Diverse Environments
Next Article in Special Issue
A Simple and Reasonable Calculation Equation of Balanced Fertilization
Previous Article in Journal
Genotype by Environment Effects on Potato Mini-Tuber Seed Production in an Aeroponics System
Previous Article in Special Issue
Nitrogen Fertilizer Sources and Application Timing Affects Wheat and Inter-Seeded Red Clover Yields on Claypan Soils
Open AccessReview

Review of Alternative Management Options of Vegetable Crop Residues to Reduce Nitrate Leaching in Intensive Vegetable Rotations

Department of Soil Management, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, 9000 Gent, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agronomy 2014, 4(4), 529-555; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy4040529
Received: 29 September 2014 / Revised: 17 November 2014 / Accepted: 17 November 2014 / Published: 2 December 2014
Vegetable crop residues take a particular position relative to arable crops due to often large amounts of biomass with a N content up to 200 kg N ha−1 left behind on the field. An important amount of vegetable crops are harvested during late autumn and despite decreasing soil temperatures during autumn, high rates of N mineralization and nitrification still occur. Vegetable crop residues may lead to considerable N losses through leaching during winter and pose a threat to meeting water quality objectives. However, at the same time vegetable crop residues are a vital link in closing the nutrient and organic matter cycle of soils. Appropriate and sustainable management is needed to harness the full potential of vegetable crop residues. Two fundamentally different crop residue management strategies to reduce N losses during winter in intensive vegetable rotations are reviewed, namely (i) on-field management options and modifications to crop rotations and (ii) removal of crop residues, followed by a useful and profitable application. View Full-Text
Keywords: vegetable crop residues; leaching; N-immobilizing materials; catch crops; intercropping; composting; anaerobic digestion; ensilage vegetable crop residues; leaching; N-immobilizing materials; catch crops; intercropping; composting; anaerobic digestion; ensilage
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Agneessens, L.; De Waele, J.; De Neve, S. Review of Alternative Management Options of Vegetable Crop Residues to Reduce Nitrate Leaching in Intensive Vegetable Rotations. Agronomy 2014, 4, 529-555.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop