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Vernacular Names and Genetics of Cultivated Coffee (Coffea arabica) in Yemen

RD2 Vision, 60 Rue du Carignan, 34270 Valflaunes, France
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Qima Coffee, 21 Warren Street, Fitzrovia, London W1T 5LT, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Maria Céu Lavado da Silva
Agronomy 2022, 12(8), 1970;
Received: 4 August 2022 / Revised: 17 August 2022 / Accepted: 18 August 2022 / Published: 20 August 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Crop Breeding and Genetics)
While Ethiopia and South Sudan are the native habitats for Coffea arabica, Yemen is considered an important domestication center for this coffee species as most Arabica coffee grown around the world can be traced back to Yemen. Furthermore, climatic conditions in Yemen are hot and extremely dry. As such, Yemeni coffee trees likely have genetic merits with respect to climate resilience. However, until recently, very little was known about the genetic landscape of Yemeni coffee. The Yemeni coffee sector identifies coffee trees according to numerous vernacular names such as Udaini, Tufahi or Dawairi. However, the geographical landscape of these names and their correlation with the genetic background of the coffee trees have never been explored. In this study, we investigated the geographic occurrence of vernacular names in 148 coffee farms across the main coffee areas of Yemen. Then, we used microsatellite markers to genotype 88 coffee trees whose vernacular name was ascertained by farmers. We find a clear geographical pattern for the use of vernacular coffee names. However, the vernacular names showed no significant association with genetics. Our results support the need for a robust description of different coffee types in Yemen based on their genetic background for the benefit of Yemeni farmers. View Full-Text
Keywords: agro-biodiversity; genetic diversity; landraces agro-biodiversity; genetic diversity; landraces
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MDPI and ACS Style

Montagnon, C.; Rossi, V.; Guercio, C.; Sheibani, F. Vernacular Names and Genetics of Cultivated Coffee (Coffea arabica) in Yemen. Agronomy 2022, 12, 1970.

AMA Style

Montagnon C, Rossi V, Guercio C, Sheibani F. Vernacular Names and Genetics of Cultivated Coffee (Coffea arabica) in Yemen. Agronomy. 2022; 12(8):1970.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Montagnon, Christophe, Veronica Rossi, Carolina Guercio, and Faris Sheibani. 2022. "Vernacular Names and Genetics of Cultivated Coffee (Coffea arabica) in Yemen" Agronomy 12, no. 8: 1970.

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