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Environmental LCA of Precision Agriculture for Stone Fruit Production

Laboratorio de Propiedades Físicas y Técnicas Avanzadas en Agroalimentación, Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingeniería Agronómica, Alimentaria y de Biosistemas (ETSIAAB), Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Avenida Puerta de Hierro 2-4, 28040 Madrid, Spain
Centro de Horticultura y Floricultura, Instituto de la Patagonia, Universidad de Magallanes, Avenida Manuel Bulnes 01890, 6213029 Punta Arenas, Chile
Grupo de Agroenergética, Departamento de Química e Ingeniería Medioambiental, Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros Industriales (ETSII), Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Calle José Gutiérrez Abascal 2, 28006 Madrid, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Adriana Correa, María Dolores Gómez-López and Jesús Montero Martínez
Agronomy 2022, 12(7), 1545;
Received: 31 May 2022 / Revised: 22 June 2022 / Accepted: 24 June 2022 / Published: 28 June 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from 11th Iberian Agroengineering Congress)
Precision agriculture is a concept that encompasses various technologies aimed at optimizing the management of agricultural activities. The main aim of this investigation is to evaluate the environmental and economic performance of precision agriculture practices on the production of a stone fruit crop (nectarine) using a life cycle approach and to consider a cradle-to-farm gate scope. The results have been compared against the traditional uniform application (UA). The analysis considers five impact categories, including climate change, photochemical ozone formation, acidification, eutrophication, and water use. The foreground inventory data was provided by a local producer in Southern Spain, and the background information was sourced from commercial Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) databases. The results show that the manufacturing of crop inputs (mainly fertilizers, but also crop management inputs) is responsible for most of the damage generated in all the impact categories, except for water use. The reduced input requirements associated with the application of VA techniques resulted in significantly lower economic costs and environmental savings throughout the life cycle of the production system, which ranged on average between 12–26%. View Full-Text
Keywords: life cycle analysis; variable application of inputs; stone fruit; nectarine life cycle analysis; variable application of inputs; stone fruit; nectarine
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MDPI and ACS Style

Núñez-Cárdenas, P.; Diezma, B.; San Miguel, G.; Valero, C.; Correa, E.C. Environmental LCA of Precision Agriculture for Stone Fruit Production. Agronomy 2022, 12, 1545.

AMA Style

Núñez-Cárdenas P, Diezma B, San Miguel G, Valero C, Correa EC. Environmental LCA of Precision Agriculture for Stone Fruit Production. Agronomy. 2022; 12(7):1545.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Núñez-Cárdenas, Pablo, Belén Diezma, Guillermo San Miguel, Constantino Valero, and Eva C. Correa. 2022. "Environmental LCA of Precision Agriculture for Stone Fruit Production" Agronomy 12, no. 7: 1545.

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