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Article

Economic Feasibility of Agrivoltaic Systems in Food-Energy Nexus Context: Modelling and a Case Study in Niger

1
Institute for Technology and Resources Management in the Tropics and Subtropics, TH Köln—University of Applied Sciences, Betzdorfer Strasse 2, 50679 Cologne, Germany
2
Research Centre Jülich, Institute of Energy and Climate Research—Systems Analysis and Technology Evaluation (IEK-STE), 52425 Jülich, Germany
3
Faculty of Science and Techniques, Abdou Moumouni University of Niamey, Niamey BP 10662, Niger
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Miguel-Ángel Muñoz-García
Agronomy 2021, 11(10), 1906; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11101906
Received: 26 June 2021 / Revised: 17 September 2021 / Accepted: 20 September 2021 / Published: 23 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Photovoltaics and Electrification in Agriculture)
In the literature, many studies outline the advantages of agrivoltaic (APV) systems from different viewpoints: optimized land use, productivity gain in both the energy and water sector, economic benefits, etc. A holistic analysis of an APV system is needed to understand its full advantages. For this purpose, a case study farm size of 0.15 ha has been chosen as a reference farm at a village in Niger, West Africa. Altogether four farming cases are considered. They are traditional rain-fed, irrigated with diesel-powered pumps, irrigated with solar pumps, and the APV system. The APV system is further analyzed under two scenarios: benefits to investors and combined benefits to investors and farmers. An economic feasibility analysis model is developed. Different economic indicators are used to present the results: gross margin, farm profit, benefit-cost ratio, and net present value (NPV). All the economic indicators obtained for the solar-powered irrigation system were positive, whereas all those for the diesel-powered system were negative. Additionally, the diesel system will emit annually about 4005 kg CO2 to irrigate the chosen reference farm. The land equivalent ratio (LER) was obtained at 1.33 and 1.13 for two cases of shading-induced yield loss excluded and included, respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: agrivoltaic; food-energy nexus; solar-powered irrigation; benefit-cost ratio; land equivalent ratio agrivoltaic; food-energy nexus; solar-powered irrigation; benefit-cost ratio; land equivalent ratio
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MDPI and ACS Style

Neupane Bhandari, S.; Schlüter, S.; Kuckshinrichs, W.; Schlör, H.; Adamou, R.; Bhandari, R. Economic Feasibility of Agrivoltaic Systems in Food-Energy Nexus Context: Modelling and a Case Study in Niger. Agronomy 2021, 11, 1906. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11101906

AMA Style

Neupane Bhandari S, Schlüter S, Kuckshinrichs W, Schlör H, Adamou R, Bhandari R. Economic Feasibility of Agrivoltaic Systems in Food-Energy Nexus Context: Modelling and a Case Study in Niger. Agronomy. 2021; 11(10):1906. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11101906

Chicago/Turabian Style

Neupane Bhandari, Srijana, Sabine Schlüter, Wilhelm Kuckshinrichs, Holger Schlör, Rabani Adamou, and Ramchandra Bhandari. 2021. "Economic Feasibility of Agrivoltaic Systems in Food-Energy Nexus Context: Modelling and a Case Study in Niger" Agronomy 11, no. 10: 1906. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11101906

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