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Open AccessArticle

Influence of an Alternative Soil Management System to Herbicide Use on Tree Vigor, Yield, and Quality of Apple Fruit

Department of Pomology and Horticulture Economics, Institute of Horticultural Sciences SGGW, Nowoursynowska 159 Str., 02-787 Warsaw, Poland
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Agronomy 2021, 11(1), 58; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11010058
Received: 1 December 2020 / Revised: 21 December 2020 / Accepted: 25 December 2020 / Published: 29 December 2020
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of alternative soil maintenance systems in a ‘Gold Chief’ apple orchard to the herbicide strip on tree growth, yield, and optimal fruit quality during 2012–2016. We compared several floor management systems: organic mulch comprised of Miscanthus spp., mechanical cultivation, black polypropylene cover, and herbicide strip as the control, with particular emphasis on the suitability and effectiveness of the organic mulch. During this five-year experiment Miscanthus spp. mulched trees grew most vigorously and significantly more than trees from other systems. The increment of the trunk cross-sectional area was higher for Miscanthus spp. mulched trees when compared to both mechanical fallow and herbicide strip. On average, fruits from trees grown in Miscanthus spp. plots were significantly larger than fruits from mechanical fallow and black polypropylene cover plots. The cumulative yield from the entire experiment was not significantly different for organic mulch, herbicide strip, and black polypropylene cover and was significantly higher than the mechanical cultivation. Different floor management systems had a significant effect on the solid soluble content in fruit both directly after harvesting and after storage. Our study shows that organic mulch can be a good alternative for soil management in orchard production systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: floor management; non-chemical weed control; Miscanthus spp. mulch; herbicide strip; black mechanical fallow; black polypropylene woven ground cover; apple quality floor management; non-chemical weed control; Miscanthus spp. mulch; herbicide strip; black mechanical fallow; black polypropylene woven ground cover; apple quality
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bokszczanin, K.Ł.; Wrona, D.; Przybyłko, S. Influence of an Alternative Soil Management System to Herbicide Use on Tree Vigor, Yield, and Quality of Apple Fruit. Agronomy 2021, 11, 58. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11010058

AMA Style

Bokszczanin KŁ, Wrona D, Przybyłko S. Influence of an Alternative Soil Management System to Herbicide Use on Tree Vigor, Yield, and Quality of Apple Fruit. Agronomy. 2021; 11(1):58. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11010058

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bokszczanin, Kamila Ł.; Wrona, Dariusz; Przybyłko, Sebastian. 2021. "Influence of an Alternative Soil Management System to Herbicide Use on Tree Vigor, Yield, and Quality of Apple Fruit" Agronomy 11, no. 1: 58. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11010058

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