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Review

Crambe (Crambe abyssinica Hochst): A Non-Food Oilseed Crop with Great Potential: A Review

1
Department of Plant Sciences, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND 58104, USA
2
Department of Agricultural and Food Sciences (DISTAL), Alma Mater Studiorum—Università di Bologna, 40127 Bologna, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agronomy 2020, 10(9), 1380; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10091380
Received: 27 July 2020 / Revised: 7 September 2020 / Accepted: 9 September 2020 / Published: 12 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Oilseed Crops for Biofuel and Biobased Applications)
Crambe (Crambe abyssinica Hochst) is an oilseed crop in the Brassicaceae family. Crambe’s ability to survive in diverse environmental conditions, its unique oil composition, the high oil content, suitability for the production of slip agents for plasticizers, the capacity to be easily included in common crop rotations, and its adaptability to equipment used for small grain cultivation has renewed the interest in this emerging crop. Crambe is considered one of the main sources of erucic acid, which can be up to 60% of its seed oil content. Erucic acid (C22:1) is a fatty acid with industrial importance since it is used to produce erucamide, key ingredient in the plastic industry. Inclusion of crambe into crop rotations can be beneficial because of its short life cycle, low fertility requirements, resistance to pest and diseases, and relative drought tolerance. Currently high erucic acid rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) (HEAR) is the principal source for erucic acid. However, the risk of contaminating food quality rapeseed (i.e., canola) by cross-pollination and the negative impact on climate, due to high inputs, are potential limitations to expand HEAR cultivation. Crambe has thus great potential to, at least, partially replace HEAR as a source of erucic acid, if the current knowledge-gap in agronomic management and crop improvement (seed yield and quality) can be addressed. Seed yield needs to be increased to be able to compete with HEAR. In addition, reducing glucosinolates and fiber in crambe meal may increase its inclusion in monogastrics rations. The objective of this review was to compile and summarize new and existing information on agricultural practices in crambe production and management to identify gaps in knowledge and areas for future research to increase the cultivation of crambe. View Full-Text
Keywords: erucic acid; erucamide; plasticizers; crambe meal; glucosinolates erucic acid; erucamide; plasticizers; crambe meal; glucosinolates
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MDPI and ACS Style

Samarappuli, D.; Zanetti, F.; Berzuini, S.; Berti, M.T. Crambe (Crambe abyssinica Hochst): A Non-Food Oilseed Crop with Great Potential: A Review. Agronomy 2020, 10, 1380. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10091380

AMA Style

Samarappuli D, Zanetti F, Berzuini S, Berti MT. Crambe (Crambe abyssinica Hochst): A Non-Food Oilseed Crop with Great Potential: A Review. Agronomy. 2020; 10(9):1380. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10091380

Chicago/Turabian Style

Samarappuli, Dulan, Federica Zanetti, Sara Berzuini, and Marisol T. Berti. 2020. "Crambe (Crambe abyssinica Hochst): A Non-Food Oilseed Crop with Great Potential: A Review" Agronomy 10, no. 9: 1380. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10091380

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