Next Article in Journal
Dependence of Weed Composition on Cultivated Plant Species and Varieties in Energy-Tree and -Grass Plantations
Previous Article in Journal
Effect of Waterlogging Stress on Dry Matter Accumulation, Photosynthesis Characteristics, Yield, and Yield Components in Three Different Ecotypes of Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.)
Open AccessArticle

Storage Conditions Deteriorate Cotton and Wheat Seeds Quality: An Assessment of Farmers’ Awareness in Pakistan

1
College of Land and Environment, Shenyang Agricultural University, 120 Dongling Road, Shenhe District, Shenyang 110866, China
2
Department of Environmental Sciences, COMSATS University Islamabad, Vehari Campus, Vehari 61100, Pakistan
3
Department of Soil and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Crop Production Sciences, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar 25130, Pakistan
4
Department of Entomology, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur 63100, Pakistan
5
Barani Agricultural Research Institute, Plant Pathology Section, Talagang Road, Chakwal 48800, Pakistan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agronomy 2020, 10(9), 1246; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10091246
Received: 6 July 2020 / Revised: 12 August 2020 / Accepted: 17 August 2020 / Published: 24 August 2020
Seed quality is accessed by appropriate seed germination, seed moisture contents, insect/pathogen infestations and seed vigor. Seed storage conditions are essential to protect from deterioration. In this study, knowledge and practices of wheat and cotton seeds storage were accessed among commercial seed growers (CSGs) and non-commercial seeds growers (NCSGs) in the Vehari District of Pakistan, while samples of stored wheat and cotton seeds were also collected to assess the quality of stored seeds. Stored seeds in the study area were contaminated by a variety of fungi, with infestation percentages reaching 13% for wheat and 20.7% for cotton in seeds from NCSGs, compared to 9% (wheat) and 9.5% (cotton) in seeds from CSGs. The majority of seed growers (75.0%) did not have any training on seed storage. The growers (60.9%) were unaware that seed should not be stored in closed polythene bags and most (62.2%) were not well aware about seed-borne crop diseases. Most growers did not maintain the temperature and humidity of storage rooms (82.7%) and did not calculate the seed rate before sowing after seed germination tests (87.2%). However, seed dressing with fungicides was implemented by most farmers (69.9%). Controlling the temperature of the seed storage was significantly influenced by growers’ age, while controlling the humidity of the seed storage was significantly influenced by growers’ farming experience. Seed dressing with fungicides was positively associated with the graduation level of growers, while checking seed maturity was positively associated with the higher education (Master’s level) of growers. There was a lack of active information centers in the study areas and a lack of agricultural information provision to farmers. Awareness regarding bad-quality seeds should be initiated to increase growers’ knowledge. Training programs for providing adequate knowledge to growers and skills in seed storage should be organized. Legislation regarding the seed business and seed storage protective measures should be enforced to minimize problems by a seed-borne inoculum and deterioration of seed quality. View Full-Text
Keywords: awareness; practices; seed quality; seed storage; seed-borne diseases; training awareness; practices; seed quality; seed storage; seed-borne diseases; training
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Saeed, M.F.; Jamal, A.; Ahmad, I.; Ali, S.; Shah, G.M.; Husnain, S.K.; Farooq, A.; Wang, J. Storage Conditions Deteriorate Cotton and Wheat Seeds Quality: An Assessment of Farmers’ Awareness in Pakistan. Agronomy 2020, 10, 1246. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10091246

AMA Style

Saeed MF, Jamal A, Ahmad I, Ali S, Shah GM, Husnain SK, Farooq A, Wang J. Storage Conditions Deteriorate Cotton and Wheat Seeds Quality: An Assessment of Farmers’ Awareness in Pakistan. Agronomy. 2020; 10(9):1246. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10091246

Chicago/Turabian Style

Saeed, Muhammad F.; Jamal, Aftab; Ahmad, Iftikhar; Ali, Sajjad; Shah, Ghulam M.; Husnain, Syed K.; Farooq, Amjad; Wang, Jingkuan. 2020. "Storage Conditions Deteriorate Cotton and Wheat Seeds Quality: An Assessment of Farmers’ Awareness in Pakistan" Agronomy 10, no. 9: 1246. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10091246

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop