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Article

Levers and Obstacles of Effective Research and Innovation for Organic Food and Farming in Italy

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Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Centre for Agriculture and Environment (CREA-AA), Via della Navicella 2-4, 00184 Roma, Italy
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Italian Research Network for Organic Research (RIRAB), 00159 Roma, Italy
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Department of Agriculture, Food and Environment, University of Pisa, Via del Borghetto 80, 56124 Pisa, Italy
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Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Centre for Policy and Bioeconomy (CREA-PB), Via Po 14, 00198 Roma, Italy
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Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Centre for Agriculture and Environment (CREA-AA), Via Celso Ulpiani 5, 70125 Bari, Italy
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Department of Environmental Science and Policy (ESP), Università degli Studi di Milano, Via G. Celoria 10, 20133 Milan, Italy
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Italian Association for Organic and Biodynamic Animal Production (Zoo.Bio.Di.), 20133 Milano, Italy
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Department of Agriculture, University of Gastronomic Sciences, Piazza Vittorio Emanuele, 9, Bra (CN), 12060 Pollenzo, Italy
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European Association for Agroecology (Agroecology Europe), Rue Crotière 36, B-7530 Gaurain-Ramecroix, Belgium
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Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Central Administration, Project Research Management Office (CREA-AC), Via Po 14, 00198 Roma, Italy
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Department of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Sciences (D3A), Università Politecnica delle Marche, Via Brecce Bianche, 60131 Ancona, Italy
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Italian Research Association on Organic Farming (GRAB-IT), 00159 Ancona, Italy
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Italian Foundation for Research in Organic and Biodynamic Agriculture (FIRAB), Via Pio Molajoni 76, 00159 Rome, Italy
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agronomy 2020, 10(8), 1181; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10081181
Received: 24 June 2020 / Revised: 4 August 2020 / Accepted: 6 August 2020 / Published: 12 August 2020
The objectives of this paper are to present the dynamic of organic food and farming (OFF) research and innovation, to outline challenges in deploying programs and accessing funding, and to define key actions to foster the development of tailored quality research on organic farming in Italy. The baseline starts from the main outcomes that emerged during the World Café held in the frame of the Salone Internazionale del biologico e del naturale (SANA Expo) in 2018, where the Italian OFF research community met to build a convergence on scope and modus operandi in the research endeavor. These outcomes were examined in the light of the key features of the research and innovation projects funded in Italy in the last 10 years, respectively by the Italian Ministry of Agriculture and the regional administrations through the innovation support instruments in the Rural Development Plan programming periods. In the period 2009–2018, 70 research projects for a total funding of 21.081 million € (<0.1% of the value of the sector) were launched, addressing nine different topic areas. Over a similar period (2007–2019), 53 regional innovation projects addressing organic farming were activated for a total budget of 14.299 million € (<10% of the entire available funding). The implementation of interventions in the research and the innovation areas were often scattered in terms of the topics, disciplines, and types of supply chain/network addressed. The relatively high share of multi/interdisciplinary research and innovation projects as well as the acknowledgement of the multi-actor approach as a fundamental step toward co-research and co-innovation were upshots that emerged from our analysis. The outcomes of this study can be used by competent national and the regional authorities to design their future research and innovation policies and interventions. View Full-Text
Keywords: agroecology; European Innovation Partnership; multi-actor research projects; participatory research; Operational Groups; World Café agroecology; European Innovation Partnership; multi-actor research projects; participatory research; Operational Groups; World Café
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MDPI and ACS Style

Canali, S.; Antichi, D.; Cristiano, S.; Diacono, M.; Ferrante, V.; Migliorini, P.; Riva, F.; Trinchera, A.; Zanoli, R.; Colombo, L. Levers and Obstacles of Effective Research and Innovation for Organic Food and Farming in Italy. Agronomy 2020, 10, 1181. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10081181

AMA Style

Canali S, Antichi D, Cristiano S, Diacono M, Ferrante V, Migliorini P, Riva F, Trinchera A, Zanoli R, Colombo L. Levers and Obstacles of Effective Research and Innovation for Organic Food and Farming in Italy. Agronomy. 2020; 10(8):1181. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10081181

Chicago/Turabian Style

Canali, Stefano, Daniele Antichi, Simona Cristiano, Mariangela Diacono, Valentina Ferrante, Paola Migliorini, Francesco Riva, Alessandra Trinchera, Raffaele Zanoli, and Luca Colombo. 2020. "Levers and Obstacles of Effective Research and Innovation for Organic Food and Farming in Italy" Agronomy 10, no. 8: 1181. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10081181

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