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Open AccessArticle

The Photosynthetic Performance of Red Leaf Lettuce under UV-A Irradiation

Institute of Horticulture, Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry, Kaunas str. 30, Kedainiai 58344, Lithuania
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Agronomy 2020, 10(6), 761; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10060761
Received: 20 April 2020 / Revised: 21 May 2020 / Accepted: 22 May 2020 / Published: 27 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Control of LED Lighting Based on Plant Physiological Principles)
The objective of this study was to evaluate how different UV-A wavelengths influence the morphology and photosynthetic behavior of red-leaf lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. cv. Maiko). In the experiments, the main photosynthetic photon flux consisted of red (R) and blue (B) light, supplemented with equal doses of different UV-A wavelengths (402, 387 and 367 nm). Treating the crops with low dosages of specific narrow-band UV-A radiation at key points in the life cycle initiated a cascade of responses in the above-ground biomass. According to the results, red-leaf lettuces acclimated to longer UV-A wavelengths by increasing biomass production, whereas different UV-A wavelengths had no significant effect on plant senescence reflectance, nor on the normalized difference vegetation index. A significant decrease in the maximum quantum yield of the PSII photochemistry of dark (Fv/Fm) and light (ΦPSII) adapted plants was observed. A lack of significant changes in non-photochemical fluorescence quenching indicates that photo-inhibition occurred under RBUV367, whereas the photosynthetic response under RB, RBUV402, and RBUV387 suggests that there was no damage to PSII. The correlation of the photosynthetic rate (Pr) with the stomatal conductance (gs) indicated that the increase in the Pr of lettuce under supplemental UV-A radiation was due to the increase of gs, instead of the ratio of the intracellular to ambient CO2 content (Ci/Ca) or stomatal limitations. View Full-Text
Keywords: controlled environment; morphology; photosynthesis controlled environment; morphology; photosynthesis
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Samuoliene, G.; Virsile, A.; Miliauskienė, J.; Haimi, P.; Laužikė, K.; Jankauskienė, J.; Novičkovas, A.; Kupčinskienė, A.; Brazaitytė, A. The Photosynthetic Performance of Red Leaf Lettuce under UV-A Irradiation. Agronomy 2020, 10, 761.

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