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Open AccessArticle

Agronomic and Economic Evaluation of Autumn Planted Sugarcane under Different Planting Patterns with Lentil Intercropping

1
Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan
2
Everglades Research and Education Center, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, 3200 East Palm Beach Road, Belle Glade, FL 32611, USA
3
Institute of Agriculture and Resource Economics, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan
4
Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Sargodha 40100, Pakistan
5
Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Ghazi University, Dera Ghazi Khan 32200, Pakistan
6
Department of Plant Pathology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agronomy 2020, 10(5), 644; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10050644
Received: 1 March 2020 / Revised: 21 April 2020 / Accepted: 21 April 2020 / Published: 1 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Herbaceous Field Crops Cultivation)
Proper sowing orientation and spacing are important factors for best crop growth. A field experiment was conducted to study the effect of different planting patterns with and without lentil intercropping on sugarcane growth and yield and farm economics. Each of these treatments were planted as sole crop and intercropped with lentil. Data were collected on plant cane and first ratoon crop. The maximum stripped cane yields (154.36 t/ha and 130.28 t/ha in plant and ratoon crop, respectively) were obtained from sugarcane planted at 120 cm trench planting both as sole as well as lentil intercropped. This treatment also attained 61% and 43% higher total sugar yields compared to traditional 60 cm single rows planting in plant and ratoon crops, respectively. Lentil intercropping did not have any significant effect on sugarcane yield, but trench planting at 120 cm with lentil intercropping had the highest lentil seed yield (598.0 in 2013–2014 and 629.8 kg ha−1 in 2014–2015) along with maximum land equivalent ratio (1.40 and 1.37), net return (Rs.321254/ha), net field benefit (Rs.491703/ha) and benefit cost ratio (2.01). Sugarcane at 120 cm trench planting with lentil intercropping also outperformed other planting patterns in improving economic returns. View Full-Text
Keywords: pit plantation; planting patterns; ratoon crop; sowing techniques; sugarcane yield; quality pit plantation; planting patterns; ratoon crop; sowing techniques; sugarcane yield; quality
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Nadeem, M.; Tanveer, A.; Sandhu, H.; Javed, S.; Safdar, M.E.; Ibrahim, M.; Shabir, M.A.; Sarwar, M.; Arshad, U. Agronomic and Economic Evaluation of Autumn Planted Sugarcane under Different Planting Patterns with Lentil Intercropping. Agronomy 2020, 10, 644.

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