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Article

Temporal and Cultivar-Specific Effects on Potato Root and Soil Fungal Diversity

1
Chair of Plant Health, Institute of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Fr. R. Kreutzwaldi 1, 51006 Tartu, Estonia
2
Chair of Soil Science, Institute of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Fr. R. Kreutzwaldi 1, 51006 Tartu, Estonia
3
Chair of Crop Science and Plant Biology, Institute of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Fr. R. Kreutzwaldi 1, 51006 Tartu, Estonia
4
Department of Botany, University of Tartu, 40 Lai St., 51005 Tartu, Estonia
5
Department of Microbiology, University of Tartu, Ravila 14a, 50411 Tartu, Estonia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agronomy 2020, 10(10), 1535; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10101535
Received: 28 August 2020 / Revised: 20 September 2020 / Accepted: 7 October 2020 / Published: 9 October 2020
The soil fungal community plays an important role in determining plant growth and health. In this study, we investigated the fungal diversity and community composition in the roots and soil of 21 potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) cultivars using high-throughput sequencing at three different time points across the growing season. In soil and roots, the fungal richness and relative abundance of pathogens and saprotrophs were mainly affected by sampling time. While sampling time affected fungal composition in soil, root fungal communities were also significantly affected by cultivar. The cultivar had the strongest effect on diversity of pathogens and abundance of particular pathogen species. Our results demonstrate changes in soil and root fungal communities of potato over the growing season, as well as highlighting the importance of potato cultivar on root fungal communities and abundance of pathogens. View Full-Text
Keywords: Solanum tuberosum; agroecosystems; high-throughput sequencing; fungal guild; fungal diversity; host specificity; potato cultivars Solanum tuberosum; agroecosystems; high-throughput sequencing; fungal guild; fungal diversity; host specificity; potato cultivars
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MDPI and ACS Style

Loit, K.; Soonvald, L.; Astover, A.; Runno-Paurson, E.; Öpik, M.; Tedersoo, L. Temporal and Cultivar-Specific Effects on Potato Root and Soil Fungal Diversity. Agronomy 2020, 10, 1535. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10101535

AMA Style

Loit K, Soonvald L, Astover A, Runno-Paurson E, Öpik M, Tedersoo L. Temporal and Cultivar-Specific Effects on Potato Root and Soil Fungal Diversity. Agronomy. 2020; 10(10):1535. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10101535

Chicago/Turabian Style

Loit, Kaire, Liina Soonvald, Alar Astover, Eve Runno-Paurson, Maarja Öpik, and Leho Tedersoo. 2020. "Temporal and Cultivar-Specific Effects on Potato Root and Soil Fungal Diversity" Agronomy 10, no. 10: 1535. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10101535

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