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Open AccessArticle

Soil Type and Zinc Doses in Agronomic Biofortification of Lettuce Genotypes

1
Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Jaboticabal 14884-900, São Paulo, Brasil
2
Facultad de Recursos Naturales Renovables, Universidad Arturo Prat (UNAP), Iquique 1100000, Región de Tarapacá, Chile
3
Departamento de Ciências do Solo, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Lavras 37200-000, Minas Gerais, Brasil
4
Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias, Universidade Federal da Grande Dourados (UFGD), Dourados 79804-970, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agronomy 2020, 10(1), 124; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10010124
Received: 29 November 2019 / Revised: 7 January 2020 / Accepted: 8 January 2020 / Published: 15 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biofortification of Crops)
The incidence of many malnutrition-related diseases among the populations of developing countries is closely related to low dietary zinc (Zn) intakes. This study evaluated the potential of agronomic biofortification of lettuce genotypes with Zn in different soils. We evaluated the ability to biofortify three lettuce genotypes (‘Grand Rapids’, ‘Regina de Verão’, and ‘Delícia’) in two soils (Red-Yellow Latosol and Dystroferric Red Latosol) using five doses of Zn (0, 5, 10, 20, and 30 mg kg−1). At 55 days after sowing, the plants were harvested. There was an interaction among the soils, genotypes, and Zn doses. Regardless of the soil and genotype, the increase in Zn supply promoted a linear increase in shoot Zn concentration. However, shoot and root dry matter yields were differentially affected by Zn supply according to the genotype and soil type. Overall, the Red-Yellow Latosol provided a higher shoot Zn concentration but also caused greater growth damage, especially in ‘Regina de Verão’ and ‘Delícia’. ‘Grand Rapids’ was biofortified the most in Red-Yellow Latosol. View Full-Text
Keywords: Lactuca sativa; nutritional value; cultivars; micronutrient; food safety Lactuca sativa; nutritional value; cultivars; micronutrient; food safety
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de Almeida, H.J.; Vergara Carmona, V.M.; Ferreira Inocêncio, M.; Furtini Neto, A.E.; Cecílio Filho, A.B.; Mauad, M. Soil Type and Zinc Doses in Agronomic Biofortification of Lettuce Genotypes. Agronomy 2020, 10, 124.

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