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Effect of the Grafting Reaction of Aluminum Nitride on the Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes on the Thermal Properties of the Poly(phenylene sulfide) Composites
Open AccessArticle

Effects of Covalent Functionalization of MWCNTs on the Thermal Properties and Non-Isothermal Crystallization Behaviors of PPS Composites

1
Department of Biosystems & Biomaterials Science and Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea
2
Research Institute for Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul 08826, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2017, 9(10), 460; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym9100460
Received: 8 August 2017 / Revised: 10 September 2017 / Accepted: 15 September 2017 / Published: 21 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polymer Nanocomposites)
In this study, a PPS/MWCNTs composite was prepared with poly(phenylene sulfide) (PPS), as well as pristine and covalent functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) via melt-blending techniques. Moreover, the dispersion of the MWCNTs on the PPS matrix was improved by covalent functionalization as can be seen from a Field-Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FE-SEM) images. The thermal properties of the PPS/MWCNTs composites were characterized using a thermal conductivity analyzer, and a differential scanning calorimeter (DSC). To analyze the crystallization behavior of polymers under conditions similar with those in industry, the non-isothermal crystallization behaviors of the PPS/MWCNTs composites were confirmed using various kinetic equations, such as the modified Avrami equation and Avrami-Ozawa combined equation. The crystallization rate of PPS/1 wt % pristine MWCNTs composite (PPSP1) was faster because of the intrinsic nucleation effect of the MWCNTs. However, the crystallization rates of the composites containing covalently-functionalized MWCNTs were slower than PPSP1 because of the destruction of the MWCNTs graphitic structure via covalent functionalization. Furthermore, the activation energies calculated by Kissinger’s method were consistently decreased by covalent functionalization. View Full-Text
Keywords: poly(phenylene sulfide); multi-walled carbon nanotubes; covalent functionalization; thermal property; non-isothermal crystallization behavior poly(phenylene sulfide); multi-walled carbon nanotubes; covalent functionalization; thermal property; non-isothermal crystallization behavior
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  • Externally hosted supplementary file 1
    Doi: 10.1166/jnn.2017.13311
MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, M.; Lee, J.; Roh, H.-g.; Kim, D.; Byeon, J.; Park, J. Effects of Covalent Functionalization of MWCNTs on the Thermal Properties and Non-Isothermal Crystallization Behaviors of PPS Composites. Polymers 2017, 9, 460. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym9100460

AMA Style

Kim M, Lee J, Roh H-g, Kim D, Byeon J, Park J. Effects of Covalent Functionalization of MWCNTs on the Thermal Properties and Non-Isothermal Crystallization Behaviors of PPS Composites. Polymers. 2017; 9(10):460. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym9100460

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kim, Myounguk; Lee, Jungmin; Roh, Hyun-gyoo; Kim, Dahyun; Byeon, Juhee; Park, Jongshin. 2017. "Effects of Covalent Functionalization of MWCNTs on the Thermal Properties and Non-Isothermal Crystallization Behaviors of PPS Composites" Polymers 9, no. 10: 460. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym9100460

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