Next Article in Journal
System-Size Dependence of Helix-Bundle Formation for Generic Semiflexible Polymers
Next Article in Special Issue
Polymerization of Various Lignins via Immobilized Myceliophthora thermophila Laccase (MtL)
Previous Article in Journal
Degradation of Albumin on Plasma-Treated Polystyrene by Soft X-ray Exposure
Previous Article in Special Issue
Design and Preparation of Nano-Lignin Peroxidase (NanoLiP) by Protein Block Copolymerization Approach
Open AccessFeature PaperReview

Enzymatic Synthesis of Biobased Polyesters and Polyamides

by Yi Jiang 1,2 and Katja Loos 1,2,*
1
Department of Polymer Chemistry, Zernike Institute for Advanced Materials, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG Groningen, The Netherlands
2
Dutch Polymer Institute (DPI), P.O. Box 902, 5600 AX Eindhoven, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: André Laschewsky
Polymers 2016, 8(7), 243; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym8070243
Received: 16 May 2016 / Revised: 1 June 2016 / Accepted: 6 June 2016 / Published: 25 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Enzymatic Polymer Synthesis)
Nowadays, “green” is a hot topic almost everywhere, from retailers to universities to industries; and achieving a green status has become a universal aim. However, polymers are commonly considered not to be “green”, being associated with massive energy consumption and severe pollution problems (for example, the “Plastic Soup”) as a public stereotype. To achieve green polymers, three elements should be entailed: (1) green raw materials, catalysts and solvents; (2) eco-friendly synthesis processes; and (3) sustainable polymers with a low carbon footprint, for example, (bio)degradable polymers or polymers which can be recycled or disposed with a gentle environmental impact. By utilizing biobased monomers in enzymatic polymerizations, many advantageous green aspects can be fulfilled. For example, biobased monomers and enzyme catalysts are renewable materials that are derived from biomass feedstocks; enzymatic polymerizations are clean and energy saving processes; and no toxic residuals contaminate the final products. Therefore, synthesis of renewable polymers via enzymatic polymerizations of biobased monomers provides an opportunity for achieving green polymers and a future sustainable polymer industry, which will eventually play an essential role for realizing and maintaining a biobased and sustainable society. View Full-Text
Keywords: enzymatic polymerization; biobased polyesters; biobased polyamides; biobased monomer; lipase; renewable resources enzymatic polymerization; biobased polyesters; biobased polyamides; biobased monomer; lipase; renewable resources
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Jiang, Y.; Loos, K. Enzymatic Synthesis of Biobased Polyesters and Polyamides. Polymers 2016, 8, 243.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop