Polymeric Biodegradable Stent Insertion in the Esophagus
AbstractEsophageal stent insertion has been used as a well-accepted and effective alternative to manage and improve the quality of life for patients diagnosed with esophageal diseases and disorders. Current stents are either permanent or temporary and are fabricated from either metal or plastic. The partially covered self-expanding metal stent (SEMS) has a firm anchoring effect and prevent stent migration, however, the hyperplastic tissue reaction cause stent restenosis and make it difficult to remove. A fully covered SEMS and self-expanding plastic stent (SEPS) reduced reactive hyperplasia but has a high migration rate. The main advantage that polymeric biodegradable stents (BDSs) have over metal or plastic stents is that removal is not require and reduce the need for repeated stent insertion. But the slightly lower radial force of BDS may be its main shortcoming and a post-implant problem. Thus, strengthening support of BDS is a content of the research in the future. BDSs are often temporarily effective in esophageal stricture to relieve dysphagia. In the future, it can be expect that biodegradable drug-eluting stents (DES) will be available to treat benign esophageal stricture, perforations or leaks with additional use as palliative modalities for treating malignant esophageal stricture, as the bridge to surgery or to maintain luminal patency during neoadjuvant chemoradiation. View Full-Text
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Yang, K.; Ling, C.; Yuan, T.; Zhu, Y.; Cheng, Y.; Cui, W. Polymeric Biodegradable Stent Insertion in the Esophagus. Polymers 2016, 8, 158.
Yang K, Ling C, Yuan T, Zhu Y, Cheng Y, Cui W. Polymeric Biodegradable Stent Insertion in the Esophagus. Polymers. 2016; 8(5):158.Chicago/Turabian Style
Yang, Kai; Ling, Christopher; Yuan, Tianwen; Zhu, Yueqi; Cheng, Yingsheng; Cui, Wenguo. 2016. "Polymeric Biodegradable Stent Insertion in the Esophagus." Polymers 8, no. 5: 158.
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